Naohiko Oku

Learn More
In patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), re-experiencing the trauma is often induced by external cues in the environment. The cues, which were emotionally neutral for the patients before the traumatic event, become fearful ones after the event. This phenomenon is considered to be associated with fear conditioning. The paradigm was set up so(More)
We compared neural activation detected by magnetoencephalography (MEG) during tactile presentation of words and non-words in a postlingually deaf-blind subject and six normal volunteers. The left postcentral gyrus, bilateral inferior frontal gyri, left posterior temporal lobe, right anterior temporal lobe, bilateral middle occipital gyri were activated when(More)
Using positron emission tomography (PET), the brain regions recruited for the tapping movement by different fingers and different tapping modes were investigated in ten young healthy volunteers without specific finger training. Auditory-paced (2 Hz) tapping movements were performed by the index (I) or ring (R) finger alone (single-finger tapping) and by the(More)
Residual inhibition is a transient suppression of tinnitus after auditory stimulation has stopped. We used positron emission tomography to study brain regions underlying residual inhibition in three tinnitus patients with cochlear implants and six normal hearing controls. Regional cerebral blood flow was measured and compared under two conditions: with(More)
Using PET, brain areas representing the use of a well-learned tool (chopsticks) were investigated in 10 normal common users. The experimental task was to hold the tool in their right hand and use it to pick up and transport a small pin from a table. Data for the same task performed using only the fingers were also obtained as a control. The results showed(More)
PURPOSE To determine the usefulness of brain perfusion SPECT for evaluating the severity and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS Eighty-four AD patients were included. At entry, 99mTc-HMPAO-SPECT, the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Mental Function Impairment Scale (MENFIS), and the Raven Colored Progression Matrix (RCPM) were performed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients with carotid occlusive disease and stage 2 cerebral hemodynamic failure, characterized by an increased oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) as measured by positron emission tomography (PET) and otherwise known as misery perfusion, have a high risk of cerebral ischemia and subsequent stroke. In clinical practice, the detection of(More)
UNLABELLED (123)I-Iomazenil brain SPECT has been used for the detection of epileptogenic foci, especially when surgical intervention is considered. Although epileptogenic foci exhibit a decrease in (123)I-iomazenil accumulation, normal cerebral cortices often exhibit similar findings because of thin cortical ribbons, gray matter atrophy, or pathologic brain(More)
BACKGROUND Subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SVD) caused by small-artery disease is a major cause of dementia. It still remains unclear, however, whether SVD may present with localized regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) changes. We aimed to clarify the local rCBF changes associated with dementia in patients with early-stage SVD. METHODS The(More)
The effects of angiotensin II receptor blockers on cerebral hemodynamics in humans have not been well elucidated. The present study evaluated the effects of losartan on cerebral hemodynamics in hypertensive patients using positron emission tomography. Ten patients with essential hypertension (mean age, 60.8 years) were examined. In each patient, regional(More)