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UNLABELLED Small-vessel disease with dementia, which is the most frequent type of vascular dementia (VaD), often shows a cerebral blood flow (CBF) distribution with no obvious focal abnormalities and is therefore difficult to evaluate objectively. In this study, we combined CBF SPECT with 3-dimensional fractal analysis (3D-FA) to quantitatively assess the(More)
Carotid atherosclerosis appears to be predictive of myocardial infarction. Because several sonographical indices are available for carotid ultrasound (US), we compared "blindly" the potential utilities of those indices for predicting coronary lesions in 270 patients. Carotid atherosclerosis was evaluated by the following four indices: plaque score (PlaS),(More)
Background: In vascular dementia (VaD), assessment of cerebral blood flow by single photon emission computed tomography (CBF SPECT) has been used to detect a patchy decrease of blood flow or a frontal reduction. In addition to reduced blood flow, the heterogeneous distribution of cerebral blood flow is often observed in VaD. However, no objective method to(More)
PURPOSE To determine the usefulness of brain perfusion SPECT for evaluating the severity and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS Eighty-four AD patients were included. At entry, 99mTc-HMPAO-SPECT, the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Mental Function Impairment Scale (MENFIS), and the Raven Colored Progression Matrix (RCPM) were performed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Alzheimer disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD) are the two major diseases that cause dementia, and early diagnosis is important. Single photon emission CT (SPECT) of cerebral blood flow (CBF) is used for the early detection of dementia and as an auxiliary method for follow-up. AD shows reduced posterior blood flow and VaD(More)
BACKGROUND Subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SVD) caused by small-artery disease is a major cause of dementia. It still remains unclear, however, whether SVD may present with localized regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) changes. We aimed to clarify the local rCBF changes associated with dementia in patients with early-stage SVD. METHODS The(More)
Using PET, brain areas representing the use of a well-learned tool (chopsticks) were investigated in 10 normal common users. The experimental task was to hold the tool in their right hand and use it to pick up and transport a small pin from a table. Data for the same task performed using only the fingers were also obtained as a control. The results showed(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate the lesion frequency and incremental added benefit with "true whole-body" (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) of distal lower extremities. We compared this field of view with the typical whole-body view, from head to upper thighs, in numerous(More)
Residual inhibition is a transient suppression of tinnitus after auditory stimulation has stopped. We used positron emission tomography to study brain regions underlying residual inhibition in three tinnitus patients with cochlear implants and six normal hearing controls. Regional cerebral blood flow was measured and compared under two conditions: with(More)
Adoption of standard input function (SIF) has been proposed for kinetic analysis of receptor binding potential (BP), instead of invasive frequent arterial samplings. The purpose of this study was to assess the SIF method in quantitative analysis of [123I]iomazenil (IMZ), a central benzodiazepine antagonist, for SPECT. SPECT studies were performed on 10(More)