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Blood pressure is a heritable trait influenced by several biological pathways and responsive to environmental stimuli. Over one billion people worldwide have hypertension (≥140 mm Hg systolic blood pressure or  ≥90 mm Hg diastolic blood pressure). Even small increments in blood pressure are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. This(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs of 21-25 nucleotides that can pair with sites in 3' untranslated regions in mRNAs of protein-coding genes to downregulate their expression. Recently, circulating miRNAs have been reported as promising biomarkers for various pathologic conditions. We assessed the hypothesis that miRNAs may leak into the(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs 21-25 nucleotides in length. Recently, we reported that miRNA 208 (miR-208) is produced exclusively in the rat myocardium and that plasma miR-208 is a biomarker of myocardial injury in rats. In the present study, we assessed the hypothesis that plasma concentrations of myocardial-specific miRNAs can be(More)
The prevalence of hypertension in African Americans (AAs) is higher than in other US groups; yet, few have performed genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in AA. Among people of European descent, GWASs have identified genetic variants at 13 loci that are associated with blood pressure. It is unknown if these variants confer susceptibility in people of(More)
BACKGROUND Recent large-scale genome-wide association studies have identified several loci associated with the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of the present study was to examine whether the previously reported CAD-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) confer susceptibility to myocardial infarction (MI) in a study population of(More)
Multiple genetic loci associated with obesity or body mass index (BMI) have been identified through genome-wide association studies conducted predominantly in populations of European ancestry. We performed a meta-analysis of associations between BMI and approximately 2.4 million SNPs in 27,715 east Asians, which was followed by in silico and de novo(More)
PURPOSE MicroRNA-182 (miR-182) is expressed abundantly in the mammalian retina and is therefore thought to perform important roles for the retinal development and the function. To test this hypothesis, we generated miR-182 knockout mice. METHODS northern blotting was performed to confirm the robust expression of miR-182 in the eye. The precursor sequence(More)
We examined the relation between coffee drinking and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mortality in the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study for Evaluation of Cancer Risk (JACC Study). In total, 110,688 cohort members (46,399 male and 64,289 female subjects) aged 40-79 years were grouped by coffee intake into three categories: one or more cups per day, less than(More)
Linkage analyses in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) suggest that a gene involved in blood pressure regulation may be located on rat chromosome 1, in the Sa region. To confirm this possibility, we replaced a region of chromosome 1 in the Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY) defined by the markers D1Mit3 and MTPA with the corresponding chromosome segment from SHR.(More)