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Blood pressure is a heritable trait influenced by several biological pathways and responsive to environmental stimuli. Over one billion people worldwide have hypertension (≥140 mm Hg systolic blood pressure or  ≥90 mm Hg diastolic blood pressure). Even small increments in blood pressure are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. This(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, SLC22A12 has been identified as a urate-anion exchanger in the human kidney. METHODS We screened for polymorphisms of SLC22A12 and conducted an association study between genetic polymorphisms and urate levels in an epidemiologic cohort representing the general population in Japan. Functional significance of mutations was assessed by(More)
We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure in 19,608 subjects of east Asian ancestry from the AGEN-BP consortium followed up with de novo genotyping (n = 10,518) and further replication (n = 20,247) in east Asian samples. We identified genome-wide significant (P < 5 × 10(-8))(More)
Toxigenic strains of Clostridium difficile have been reported to produce both toxins A and B nearly always, and nontoxigenic strains have been reported to produce neither of these toxins. Recent studies indicate that it is not always true. We established a PCR assay to differentiate toxin A-negative, toxin B-positive (toxin A-, toxin B+) strains from both(More)
Multiple genetic loci associated with obesity or body mass index (BMI) have been identified through genome-wide association studies conducted predominantly in populations of European ancestry. We performed a meta-analysis of associations between BMI and approximately 2.4 million SNPs in 27,715 east Asians, which was followed by in silico and de novo(More)
A molecular variant of the angiotensinogen gene with threonine instead of methionine at position 235 (ie, with M235T polymorphism) has been shown to be associated with essential hypertension in Caucasian populations. The purpose of the present study was to assess whether the M235T polymorphism was associated with essential hypertension in the Japanese(More)
BACKGROUND Associations between exposure to particulate matter and susceptibility to cardiovascular events have been reported. Although the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood, this association seems to be particularly exaggerated in the presence of atherothrombotic risk factors. The present study was undertaken in low-density lipoprotein(More)
To avoid surgery-related complications, intralesional OK-432 therapy was used in 23 patients with unresectable lymphangiomas (1986 through 1989). Total or near total shrinkage of the lesions, without serious complication, was noted in 10, marked shrinkage in 8, slight shrinkage in 3, and no response was noted in the remaining 2. Recurrence of the lesions(More)
A rat adrenal cDNA library was screened by colony hybridization using a rat cDNA fragment of type I angiotensin II receptor (AT1A) previously isolated from the kidney. Two cDNA clones were identified, designated as AT1B, to have a nucleotide sequence highly homologous to and yet distinct from AT1A. The amino acid sequence of AT1B consists of 359 amino acid(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs of 21-25 nucleotides that can pair with sites in 3' untranslated regions in mRNAs of protein-coding genes to downregulate their expression. Recently, circulating miRNAs have been reported as promising biomarkers for various pathologic conditions. We assessed the hypothesis that miRNAs may leak into the(More)