Naofumi Mukaida

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The inflammatory bowel disease ulcerative colitis (UC) frequently progresses to colon cancer. To understand the mechanisms by which UC patients develop colon carcinomas, we used a mouse model of the disease whereby administration of azoxymethane (AOM) followed by repeated dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) ingestion causes severe colonic inflammation and the(More)
A novel cytokine, interleukin-8 (IL-8), may play major roles in the inflammatory process by recruiting neutrophils and T cells into inflammatory sites. The production of this cytokine is not constitutive and is induced in a variety of cell types by stimulation with mitogens and cytokines. Among cytokines, only IL-1 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) can induce(More)
A potent leukocyte chemotactic and activating cytokine, interleukin-8 (IL-8), is produced by numerous types of cells in response to inflammatory stimuli. Accumulating evidence indicate that the transcription of IL-8 gene requires the activation of either the combination of NF-kappa B and AP-1 or that of NF-kappa B and NF-IL6, depending on the type of cells.(More)
Neutrophil infiltration into inflammatory sites is one of the hallmarks of acute inflammation. Locally produced chemotactic factors are presumed to mediate the sequence of events leading to the infiltration at inflammatory sites. Interleukin-8 (IL-8), a novel leukocyte chemotactic activating cytokine (chemokine), is produced by various types of cells upon(More)
Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a novel cytokine which possesses neutrophil chemotactic and activating activities in addition to chemotactic activity for basophils and T lymphocytes. It has been shown that IL-8 is produced by a variety of human somatic cells including monocytes/macrophages, dermal fibroblasts, vascular endothelial cells, keratinocytes, mesangeal(More)
Tumor growth is associated with aberrant myelopoiesis, including the accumulation of CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) that have the potential to promote tumor growth. However, the identity, growth, and migration of tumor-associated MDSCs remain undefined. We demonstrate herein that MDSCs at tumor site were composed primarily of bone(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests an important role of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in Helicobacter pylori infection-associated chronic atrophic gastritis and peptic ulcer. We observed in this study that a gastric cancer-derived cell line, MKN45, produced a massive amount of IL-8 upon coculture with live H. pylori but not with killed H. pylori, H. pylori culture(More)
Fifteen years have passed since the first description of interleukin (IL)-8/CXCL8 as a potent neutrophil chemotactic factor. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that various types of cells can produce a large amount of IL-8/CXCL8 in response to a wide variety of stimuli, including proinflammatory cytokines, microbes and their products, and environmental(More)
Single binding sites for transcription factors NF-IL6 and NF-kappa B are present in the promoter of the interleukin (IL) 6 gene. Previous studies of internally deleted promoter mutants demonstrated that these two sites are important for the transcriptional regulation of this gene. In this report, we describe the synergistic activation of the IL-6 promoter(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV), a major cause of liver disease worldwide, is frequently resistant to the antiviral alpha interferon (IFN). The HCV nonstructural 5A (NS5A) protein has been implicated in HCV antiviral resistance in many studies. NS5A antagonizes the IFN antiviral response in vitro, and one mechanism is via inhibition of a key IFN-induced enzyme, the(More)