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We investigated the role of prostacyclin (PGI(2)) in the development of compression trauma-induced spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. When measured after induction of SCI, tissue levels of 6-keto-PGF(1), a stable PGI(2) metabolite, thromboxane B(2) (TXB(2)), a stable metabolite of thromboxane A(2), myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and tumor necrosis factor(More)
Between approximately 17,500 and 15,000 years ago, the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation weakened substantially in response to meltwater discharges from disintegrating Northern Hemispheric glacial ice sheets. The global effects of this reorganization of poleward heat flow in the North Atlantic extended to Antarctica and the North Pacific. Here we(More)
We have established a unique variant cell line, MC/9.IL-4, which continuously proliferates in the presence of interleukin-4 (IL-4), from a murine interleukin-3 (IL-3)-dependent mast cell line, MC/9 (referred to as MC/9.IL-3). Compared with MC/9.IL-3 cells, MC/9.IL-4 cells are smaller, lack cytoplasmic granules and metachromasia, carry a very small amount of(More)
The interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor gamma chain (IL-2R gamma) is an essential component of high- and intermediate-affinity IL-2 receptors. IL-2R gamma was demonstrated to be a component of the IL-4 receptor on the basis of chemical cross-linking data, the ability of IL-2R gamma to augment IL-4 binding affinity, and the requirement for IL-2R gamma in(More)
The stimulation of sensory neurons in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract improves cognitive function by increasing the hippocampal production of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in mice. In the current study, we examined whether oral administration of desalted deep-sea water (DSW) increases the hippocampal production of IGF-I by stimulating sensory neurons(More)
Attempts to fabricate mechanical devices on the molecular level have yielded analogues of rotors, gears, switches, shuttles, turnstiles and ratchets. Molecular motors, however, have not yet been made, even though they are common in biological systems. Rotary motion as such has been induced in interlocked systems and directly visualized for single molecules,(More)
Using a clonal culture system, we investigated the hemopoietic effects of purified recombinant IL-5 obtained from conditioned media of transfected Xenopus oocytes. IL-5 alone acted on untreated bone marrow cells and supported the formation of a small number of colonies, all of which were predominantly eosinophilic. However, it did not support colony(More)
Proliferation and maturation of antigen-stimulated B cells are regulated by several soluble factors derived from macrophages and T cells. These soluble factors are functionally divided into two groups: B-cell growth factor (BCGF), thought to be involved in B-cell proliferation; and B-cell differentiation factor (BCDF), responsible for maturation of(More)
Antithrombin (AT) supplementation in patients with severe sepsis has been shown to improve organ failures in which activated leukocytes are critically involved. However, the precise mechanism(s) for the therapeutic effects of AT is not well understood. We examined in rats whether AT reduces ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced renal injury by inhibiting(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) released from sensory neurons increases the production of a neuroprotective substance insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), and sensory neuron stimulation contributes to a reduction of spinal cord injury (SCI) by inhibiting inflammatory responses in rats. Because receptors for prostaglandin E₂ (EP receptors) are(More)