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Sensory neurons release calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) upon activation. We previously demonstrated that CGRP increases insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) production in various tissues of mice including the skin. We demonstrated that isoflavone increases the CGRP synthesis in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons in rats. Since IGF-I plays a(More)
We investigated the role of prostacyclin (PGI(2)) in the development of compression trauma-induced spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. When measured after induction of SCI, tissue levels of 6-keto-PGF(1), a stable PGI(2) metabolite, thromboxane B(2) (TXB(2)), a stable metabolite of thromboxane A(2), myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and tumor necrosis factor(More)
We performed a study in spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR) to determine whether carvedilol, a nonselective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist, activates capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons (CSSNs), thereby promoting the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a neuropeptide with an important role in maintenance of cardiovascular homeostasis.(More)
We previously reported that ranitidine, an H(2) receptor antagonist, inhibited neutrophil activation in vitro and in vivo, contributing to reduce stress-induced gastric mucosal injury in rats. In this study, we examined whether ranitidine would reduce ischemia/reperfusion-induced liver injury, in which activated neutrophils are critically involved, in rats.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Sensory neurons play a critical role in reducing stress-induced gastric mucosal injury by releasing calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) through an increase in gastric mucosal levels of prostacyclin (PGI(2)). Because estrogen enhances nerve growth factor-mediated CGRP production in sensory neurons, we hypothesized that stress-induced(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) increases insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) production in fetal rat osteoblasts in vitro, suggesting that stimulation of sensory neurons might increase IGF-I production, thereby preventing apoptosis. We examined whether stimulation of sensory neurons by capsaicin might reduce reperfusion-induced hepatic apoptosis by(More)
Antithrombin (AT) supplementation in patients with severe sepsis has been shown to improve organ failures in which activated leukocytes are critically involved. However, the precise mechanism(s) for the therapeutic effects of AT is not well understood. We examined in rats whether AT reduces ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced renal injury by inhibiting(More)
We have previously reported that CGRP plays a critical role in the reduction of stress-induced gastric mucosal injury by increasing gastric prostacyclin (PGI(2)) levels in rats. Estrogen has been shown to increase the production of CGRP in sensory neurons. Isoflavone has estrogen-like effects and is referred to as a phytoestrogen. Thus, we hypothesized that(More)
We examined whether resveratrol increases insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) production in the hippocampus by stimulating sensory neurons in the gastrointestinal tract, thereby improving cognitive function in mice. Resveratrol increased calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) release from dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons isolated from wild-type (WT)(More)
Capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons are nociceptive neurons that release calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on activation. Since CGRP has potent vasodilatory activity, it has long been considered to be involved in aggravation of inflammation such as tissue hyperemia and edema. However, since ablation of the sensory fibers can result in a marked increase(More)