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We investigated the role of prostacyclin (PGI(2)) in the development of compression trauma-induced spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. When measured after induction of SCI, tissue levels of 6-keto-PGF(1), a stable PGI(2) metabolite, thromboxane B(2) (TXB(2)), a stable metabolite of thromboxane A(2), myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and tumor necrosis factor(More)
The stimulation of sensory neurons in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract improves cognitive function by increasing the hippocampal production of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in mice. In the current study, we examined whether oral administration of desalted deep-sea water (DSW) increases the hippocampal production of IGF-I by stimulating sensory neurons(More)
Antithrombin (AT) supplementation in patients with severe sepsis has been shown to improve organ failures in which activated leukocytes are critically involved. However, the precise mechanism(s) for the therapeutic effects of AT is not well understood. We examined in rats whether AT reduces ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced renal injury by inhibiting(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) released from sensory neurons increases the production of a neuroprotective substance insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), and sensory neuron stimulation contributes to a reduction of spinal cord injury (SCI) by inhibiting inflammatory responses in rats. Because receptors for prostaglandin E₂ (EP receptors) are(More)
We examined whether capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons might be involved in the increase in the gastric tissue level of prostaglandins, thereby contributing to the reduction of water immersion restraint stress (WIR)-induced gastric mucosal injury in rats. Gastric tissue levels of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), 6-keto-PGF1alpha, and PGE2 were(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) exerts beneficial effects on cognitive function. The selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor donepezil increases serum IGF-I levels in elderly subjects. Because stimulation of sensory neurons induces IGF-I production by releasing calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the mouse brain, we hypothesized that donepezil(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) exerts beneficial effects on cognitive function by inducing angiogenesis and neurogenesis in the hippocampus. We demonstrated that stimulation of sensory neurons in the gastrointestinal tract increased IGF-I production in the hippocampus, and thereby improved cognitive function in mice. Since cAMP plays a critical role(More)
We have previously reported that CGRP plays a critical role in the reduction of stress-induced gastric mucosal injury by increasing gastric prostacyclin (PGI(2)) levels in rats. Estrogen has been shown to increase the production of CGRP in sensory neurons. Isoflavone has estrogen-like effects and is referred to as a phytoestrogen. Thus, we hypothesized that(More)
Although urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI) has been shown to inhibit tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha- production, the detailed mechanism(s) remains unclear. This study was undertaken to elucidate the molecular mechanism(s) underlying this inhibitory effect in monocytes in vitro and in rats given lipopolysaccharide (LPS). TNF-alpha production by monocytes(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) increases insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) production in fetal rat osteoblasts in vitro, suggesting that stimulation of sensory neurons might increase IGF-I production, thereby preventing apoptosis. We examined whether stimulation of sensory neurons by capsaicin might reduce reperfusion-induced hepatic apoptosis by(More)