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Hippurate (HA) is a harmful uremic toxin that accumulates during chronic renal failure, and failure of the excretion system for uremic toxins is thought to be responsible. Recently, we reported that rat organic anion transporter 1 (rOat1) is the primary mediator of HA uptake in the kidney, and so now we have studied the pharmacokinetics and tissue(More)
Human α(1) -acid glycoprotein (AGP), a serum glycoprotein, is known to have anti-inflammatory activity. We recently reported that AGP was mainly incorporated into the liver in mice via a receptor-mediated pathway, although the mechanism for this was largely unknown. The objective of this study was to identify the specific cellular surface protein that(More)
To clarify the hypothesis that organic nitrates are converted to nitric oxide (NO) via nitrite ion (NO2-) by glutathione S-transferase, the metabolic conversion of four nitrates was examined in pig coronary arteries and compared with that in rat liver. Nitrates caused the relaxation of the artery muscles with the order of nitroglycerin > isosorbide(More)
The validity of the Ego-Grasping Orientation Scale (EGO) was tested. Theoretically, the EGO is a measure of mental health based on Taoistic (i.e., Ancient Chinese) philosophy. A total of 68 research participants completed the EGO along with measures of Eastern/Western orientation, self-esteem, assertiveness, desire for control, social interest, anxiety, and(More)
Human α(1) -acid glycoprotein (AGP), a lipocalin family member, serves as a carrier for basic drugs and endogenous hormones. It is mainly distributed in the liver and also has anti-inflammatory effects. We previously discovered a protein in liver parenchymal cells that interacts with AGP and it was identified as hemoglobin β-chain (HBB). The purpose of this(More)
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