Nao Nishida-Aoki

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In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we have demonstrated that organic solvent stress activated the pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR) pathway, which involves the transcription factors Pdr1p and Pdr3p. Pdr1p and Pdr3p are functionally homologous in multidrug resistance, although Pdr3p has been reported to have some distinct functions. Here, we analyzed the functions(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) exhibit many functions in biological activities. Recent studies have shown that miRNAs exist outside cells and are transferred between cells. Extracellular miRNAs are protected from ribonucleases found in body fluids through binding to specific proteins or by being encapsulated in lipid bilayer vesicles. Here, we review the mechanisms of(More)
Metastasis is the main cause of cancer mortality for many types of cancer; however, difficulties remain in effectively preventing metastasis. It has been recently and widely reported that cancer-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) contribute to cancer metastasis. Thus, therapeutic strategies targeting cancer-derived EVs hold great promise because of the(More)
Exosomes are nano-sized extracellular vesicles which transfer their components such as RNA, DNA, and proteins from one cell to another cell. The components are released to the cytoplasm of the recipient cells, having an effect on the cells. Cancerderived exosomes promote cancer progression, invasion, gain of drug resistance, and metastasis. Recently,(More)
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