Nanuli Doreulee

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Taurine, a major osmolyte in the brain evokes a long-lasting enhancement (LLETAU) of synaptic transmission in hippocampal and cortico-striatal slices. Hippocampal LLETAU was abolished by the GABA uptake blocker nipecotic acid (NPA) but not by the taurine-uptake inhibitor guanidinoethyl sulphonate (GES). Striatal LLETAU was sensitive to GES but not to NPA.(More)
Orexins (OX), also called hypocretins, are bioactive peptides secreted from glucose-sensitive neurons in the lateral hypothalamus linking appetite, arousal and neuroendocrine-autonomic control. Here, OX-A was found to cause a slow-onset long-term potentiation of synaptic transmission (LTPOX) in the hippocampus of young adult mice. LTPOX was induced at(More)
Cu(2+)-ions are known to interfere with gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)- and glutamate-operated ion channels from experiments with isolated neurons. Such actions are likely involved in the pathophysiology of Wilson's disease. We have now studied the effects of Cu2+ in the CA1 region of hippocampal slices. Field excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) slopes(More)
Taurine occurs at high concentrations in the forebrain and its distribution varies with (patho)physiological conditions; however, its role in neural function is poorly understood. We have now characterized its effects on corticostriatal synaptic transmission. Bath application of taurine (10 mm) to slices obtained from mice and rats exerted a biphasic action(More)
Hepatic encephalopathy is characterized by disturbances of motor and cognitive functions involving the basal ganglia. So far no standards for assessment of neuropsychiatric abnormalities (disorders of sleep, mood, anxiety and personality) in subclinical hepatic encephalopathy have been defined. Using an animal model of mild (subclinical) hepatic(More)
In models of early stage Parkinson's disease (PD), motor deficits are accompanied by excessive activation of striatal glutamate receptors. Metabotropic glutamate group I receptors (mGluR I) play an important but not well-understood role in PD progression. In mouse brain slices, bath application of the mGluR I agonist (RS)-DHPG (3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine,(More)
The effect of histamine on the main input to the striatum - the corticostriatal pathway - was studied using electrophysiological techniques in brain slices from rats and mice. Field potentials (FPs) were recorded in the striatum following stimulation at the border of the striatum and the cortex. Bath application of histamine caused a pronounced and(More)
AIM Orexins/hypocretins (OX/Hcrt) are hypothalamic neuropeptides linking sleep-wakefulness, appetite and neuroendocrine control. Their role and mechanisms of action on higher brain functions, such as learning and memory, are not clear. METHODS We used field recordings of excitatory post-synaptic potentials (fEPSP) in acute mouse brain slice preparations(More)
In animal models of early Parkinson’s disease (PD), motor deficits are accompanied by excessive striatal glutamate release. Blockade of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), endocannabinoid degradation and nitric oxide (NO) synthesis combats PD symptoms. Activation of group I mGluRs with the specific agonist 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG)(More)
Mossy fiber long-term potentiation (mfLTP) was compared in hippocampal slices prepared from wild-type mice and mice lacking functional endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS(-/-) mice) using field potential recording. In the presence of D-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (AP5, 50 microM), the mfLTP induced by tetanic stimulation (100 Hz, 1 sec) was(More)