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The multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) is a 180- to 195-kDa glycoprotein associated with multidrug resistance of human tumor cells. MRP is mainly located in the plasma membrane and it confers resistance by exporting natural product drugs out of the cell. Here we demonstrate that overexpression of the MRP gene in human cancer cells increases the(More)
In a human small cell lung carcinoma cell line, GLC4, Adriamycin (ADR) resistance was induced. In the resistant cell line, GLC4/ADR, a 45% decreased intracellular ADR level was found compared to GLC4, but this could not fully explain the resistance. Evaluation of DNA damage in both cell lines after incubation with ADR by alkaline and neutral elution(More)
Locally advanced cancer of the cardia and fundus might be cured by surgical resection. Poor results after surgery in stage IIIB and stage IV disease prompted a study of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Treatment included four cycles of high doses of methotrexate (1.5 g/m2) and high doses of 5-fluorouracil (1.5 g/m2) followed by surgery in those patients with(More)
VP 16-213 in standard doses is active against a number of solid tumors. Its penetration into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is very limited at these dose levels. In 10 patients treated with high-dose VP 16-213 (0.9-2.5 g/m2), CSF levels of up to 0.54 microgram/mL were detected. In two patients with central nervous system (CNS) metastases of small cell lung(More)
Human cells can become multidrug resistant (MDR) by an increase in the activity of the MDR1 P-glycoprotein or by other, as yet unknown mechanisms, referred to as non-P-glycoprotein mediated MDR (non-Pgp MDR). S. P. C. Cole et al. [Science (Washington DC), 258: 1650-1654, 1992] recently reported that in two cell lines non-Pgp MDR was associated with the(More)
Previous studies have shown that the in vitro-selected adriamycin-resistant human small-cell lung-carcinoma cell line GLC4-ADR150 displays multidrug resistance as the result of 3-fold decreased DNA-topoisomerase II (topo II) activity and a 6-fold reduction in adriamycin accumulation. Not the MDR1 gene, but the MRP gene, was over-expressed in this cell line.(More)
BACKGROUND A phase III study was started to compare oxaliplatin/5FU/LV in the first-line with bolus FU/LV in metastatic colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS 302 patients were randomised and received bolus 5-FU 425 mg/m(2) day 1-5, FA 20 mg/m(2) day 1-5, q 4 wk or oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2), 2 h-infusion, FA 200 mg/m(2), 1-h infusion. 5-FU 2600 mg/m(2),(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether long-term survivors of metastatic testicular cancer have an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity more than 10 years after chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eighty-seven patients treated with cisplatin-containing chemotherapy before 1987 who were in remission for at least 10 years and whose ages were </= 50 years at the(More)
The measurement of circulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels as a prognostic factor will gain increasing relevance in the diagnosis and evaluation of treatment in cancer patients. Angiogenesis is an absolute requirement in tumour growth and metastatic disease. In the present study data are presented which indicate that circulating VEGF(More)
In a previous study we suggested that, in addition to the reduced Adriamycin accumulation, part of the resistance in an Adriamycin-resistant human small cell lung carcinoma cell line (GLC4/ADR) could be explained by supposing a changed Adriamycin-DNA-topoisomerase II (Topo II) interaction. The present study showed that the Mr 170,000 P-glycoprotein was not(More)