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Depression is one of the most common neuropsychiatric disorders and has been associated with a wide range of neuronal structural changes in brain regions. Neotrofin, a neurotrophin agonist, has been demonstrated to exhibit neuroprotection in various in vivo and in vitro studies. The present study aimed to investigate the neuroprotective and ameliorating(More)
The present study aims to determine the role of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) signaling molecules in breast cancer metastasis. Our results reveal that GABAergic system exists in breast cancer cells. Both the GABA synthetic enzyme. (GAD65/67) and GABAB receptor are expressed in 4T1 mouse breast cancer cells, MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and human breast(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) belong to the family of the epithelial sodium channel/degenerin (ENaC/DEG) and are activated by extracellular protons. They are widely distributed within both the central and peripheral nervous systems. ASICs were modified by the activation of γ-aminobutyric acid receptors (GABAA), a ligand-gated chloride channels, in(More)
Embryo retention in the fallopian tube is thought to lead to ectopic pregnancy, which is a significant cause of morbidity. Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is a gaseotransmitter produced mainly by cystathionine-γ-lyase and cystathionine-β-synthase. Here we show that cystathionine-γ-lyase and cystathionine -β-synthase are ubiquitously distributed in human fallopian(More)
AIM Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to manage the pain and inflammation. NSAIDs can cause serious side effects, including vision problems. However, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of meclofenamic acid (MFA) on retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Chloroquine (CQ), a bitter tasting drug widely used in treatment of malaria, is associated gastrointestinal side effects including nausea or diarrhea. In the present study, we investigated the effect of CQ on electrolyte transport in rat ileum using the Ussing chamber technique. The results showed that CQ evoked an increase in short circuit current (ISC) in(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used medications because they provide effective relief of chronic pain and inflammation through inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX). However, visual side effects also have been reported, such as temporary blindness, visual field defect, blurred vision, scotomata, and color vision changes subsequent to(More)
Liver cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide. In order to enable the noninvasive detection of small liver tumors in mice, we present a parallel iterative shrinkage (PIS) algorithm for dual-modality tomography. It takes advantage of microcomputed tomography and multiview bioluminescence imaging, providing anatomical structure and(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a product of sphingomyelin metabolism, is generated via phosphorylation of sphingosine by sphingosine kinases (SphK). It acts via a family of G protein-coupled receptors or as an intracellular second messenger for agonists acting through the S1P receptors (S1P1–5). In our study, the expression of SphK1 and S1P1 was identified(More)
Interleukin-18 (IL-18), an important proinflammatory cytokine, has been reported to play a potential pathological role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Results from previous studies on the association between IL-18 polymorphisms and RA are conflicting. To clarify this, an updated meta-analysis of all available studies on IL-18 polymorphisms and RA was(More)