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BACKGROUND Web-based computer-tailored approaches have the potential to be successful in supporting smoking cessation. However, the potential effects of such approaches for relapse prevention and the value of incorporating action planning strategies to effectively prevent smoking relapse have not been fully explored. The Stay Quit for You (SQ4U) study(More)
BACKGROUND The Internet provides us with tools (user metrics or paradata) to evaluate how users interact with online interventions. Analysis of these paradata can lead to design improvements. OBJECTIVE The objective was to explore the qualities of online participant engagement in an online intervention. We analyzed the paradata in a randomized controlled(More)
OBJECTIVE Many targeted interventions have been developed and tested with African Americans (AA); however, AAs are a highly heterogeneous group. One characteristic that varies across AAs is Ethnic Identity (EI). Little research has been conducted on how to incorporate EI into the design of health messages and programs. DESIGN We tested whether tailoring a(More)
BACKGROUND Although more individuals are sharing their experiences with chronic pain or illness through blogging (writing an Internet web log), research on the psychosocial effects and motivating factors for initiating and maintaining a blog is lacking. OBJECTIVE The objective was to examine via online questionnaire the perceived psychosocial and health(More)
BACKGROUND Evaluation of online health interventions should investigate the function of theoretical mechanisms of behavior change in this new milieu. OBJECTIVES To expand our understanding of how Web-based interventions influence behavior, we examined how changes at 6 months in participants' psychosocial characteristics contributed to improvements at 16(More)
Ghanaian men who have sex with men (MSM) have high rates of HIV infection. A first step in designing culturally relevant prevention interventions for MSM in Ghana is to understand the influence that peer social networks have on their attitudes and behaviors. We aimed to examine whether, in a sample of Ghanaian MSM, mean scores on psychosocial variables(More)
BACKGROUND Seasonal variations in smoking and quitting behaviors have been documented, with many smokers seeking cessation assistance around the start of the New Year. What remains unknown is whether smokers who are recruited to cessation treatment trials during the New Year are as motivated to quit, or as likely to enroll in a research trial, adhere to a(More)
AIM To assess the relationship between weight change and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) change in dulaglutide-treated patients by analysing data from six head-to-head phase III AWARD clinical trials. METHODS At 26 weeks, the relationship between weight and HbA1c was analysed in each trial rather than by pooling data because of differences in design and(More)
Parent behaviors moderate the adverse consequences of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, it is unknown how these moderating effects change over time. This study examined the moderating effect of observed parent behaviors over time since injury on the relation between TBI and behavioral outcomes. Participants included children, ages 3-7 years,(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine whether apolipoprotein e4 (APOE) status moderates the association of family environment with child functioning following early traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS Sixty-five children with moderate to severe TBI and 70 children with orthopedic injury (OI) completed assessments 6, 12, 18 months, and 3.5 and 6.8 years post injury. DNA(More)