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OBJECTIVES This study assessed mortality associated with the mid-July 1995 heat wave in Chicago. METHODS Analyses focused on heat-related deaths, as designated by the medical examiner, and on the number of excess deaths. RESULTS In July 1995, there were 514 heat-related deaths and 696 excess deaths. People 65 years of age or older were overrepresented(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated willingness to participate in CVCT and associated factors among MSM in the United States. METHODS 5,980 MSM in the US, recruited through MySpace.com, completed an online survey March-April, 2009. A multivariable logistic regression model was built using being "willing" or "unwilling" to participate in CVCT in the next 12 months as(More)
BACKGROUND While the U.S. HIV epidemic continues to be primarily concentrated in urban area, local epidemiologic profiles may differ and require different approaches in prevention and treatment efforts. We describe the epidemiology of HIV in large urban areas with the highest HIV burden. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We used data from national HIV(More)
Public health agencies across the country are beginning to view violence as a problem that demands a public health response. However, before such a response can be mounted effectively, there must be a sound data-based understanding of this epidemic. With this in mind, the Chicago Department of Public Health implemented an epidemiological analysis of(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined correlations between survival and race/ethnicity, age, and gender among persons who died from AIDS-related causes. METHODS We estimated survival among 11 022 persons at 12, 36, and 60 months after diagnosis with AIDS in 1993 through 2001 and reported through 2003 to the Chicago Department of Public Health. We estimated hazard ratios(More)
The rate of HIV infection among young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) aged 16-29 is increasing significantly in the United States. Prevention in this population would considerably impact future health-care resources given the need for lifelong antiretrovirals. A YBMSM population estimate is needed to assist HIV prevention program planning. This(More)
MSM bear a disproportionate burden of the HIV epidemic. Enacted stigma (overt negative actions) against sexual minorities may play an important role in increasing HIV risk among this population. Using data from the 2011 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system, MSM cycle, we examined the independent associations between three measures of enacted stigma(More)