Nanette Allison

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To kill other cells, lymphocytes can exocytose granules that contain serine proteases and pore-forming proteins (perforins). We report that mechanism-based isocoumarin inhibitors inhibited the proteases and inactivated lysis. When inhibited proteases were restored, lysis was also restored, indicating that the proteases were essential for lysis. We found(More)
A 'split-gene' technique for the overexpression and mutagenesis of the gene encoding the lipoamide dehydrogenase of Escherichia coli was developed in order to overcome the instability problems encountered when attempting to mutate the intact gene. The lipoamide dehydrogenase gene, lpd, was dissected into two fragments which were separately subcloned into(More)
Neisseria meningitidis utilization of human serum transferrin (hTF)-bound iron is an important pathogenicity determinant. The efficiency of this system would clearly be increased through preferential binding of diferric hTF over the iron-free form. To characterize this process, functionally active meningococcal transferrin-binding protein A (TbpA) and TbpB(More)
Dense subcellular granules of cytolytic lymphocytes can mediate rapid lysis of erythrocytes or nucleated cells. The granules contain several different proteases and proteoglycans that regulate cytolysis. We describe a rate assay that we have already used to demonstrate the requirement for serine proteases in granule-mediated lysis. In this assay,(More)
In vitro deletion and site-directed mutagenesis of the aceF gene of Escherichia coli was used to generate dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase (E2p) polypeptide chains containing various permutations and combinations of functional and non-functional lipoyl domains. A lipoyl domain was rendered non-functional by converting the lipoylatable lysine residue to(More)
Rat RNK-16 leukemia cells kill YAC-1, which are the cells lysed by rodent natural killer lymphocytes. We found chymotrypsin-like proteinase ('chymase') activity in the RNK-16 dense granules that also contain cytolytic activity. The chymase activity hydrolyzed the thiobenzyl peptide substrate Suc-Phe-Leu-Phe-SBzl and, in comparison to RNK-16 tryptase(More)
BACKGROUND Historically, the literature suggests that African Americans with mental illness are diagnosed with psychotic disorders at a higher rate and receive higher doses of antipsychotic medications than other racial groups. However, few studies have compared clinical characteristics and quality of life among African-American (AA) and white men and(More)
Granules that are potently cytolytic in vitro can be obtained from cytotoxic lymphocytes that kill virally infected cells and tumor cells. These granules contain pore-forming proteins and several serine proteases. Here we indicate that at least two different proteases participate in the lysis mediated by granule proteins from RNK-16 rat leukemia cells. We(More)
A newly isolated gram-negative bacterium, possibly Brevundimonas diminuta, utilised d,l-vanillylmandelate (d,l-VMA) as a sole carbon and energy source. The organism converted d,l-VMA to vanillylglyoxylate using a soluble NAD-dependent dehydrogenase specific for d-VMA and a dye-linked, membrane-associated l-VMA dehydrogenase. Vanillylglyoxylate was further(More)
L-Mandelate dehydrogenase was purified from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus by Triton X-100 extraction from a 'wall + membrane' fraction, ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel, (NH4)2SO4 fractionation and gel filtration followed by further ion-exchange chromatography. The purified enzyme was partially characterized with respect to its subunit Mr(More)