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Opitz syndrome (OS) is an inherited disorder characterized by midline defects including hypertelorism, hypospadias, lip-palate-laryngotracheal clefts and imperforate anus. We have identified a new gene on Xp22, MID1 (Midline 1), which is disrupted in an OS patient carrying an X-chromosome inversion and is also mutated in several OS families. MID1 encodes a(More)
The methyl CpG binding proteins (MeCP1 and MeCP2) are a class of proteins that bind to templates containing symmetrically methylated CpGs. Using an interspecific backcross segregating a number of X-linked markers, we have localized the Mecp2 gene in mouse to the X chromosome close to the microsatellite marker DXMit1. Detailed physical mapping utilizing an(More)
The members of the T-box gene family share a highly conserved DNA binding domain named the T-domain, and important developmental functions. Here we report the cloning of chicken Tbr1 and of murine and chicken Tbr2 (orthologs of the Xenopus eomesodermin gene), the mapping of the murine Tbr2 to chromosome 9, and their pattern of expression during mouse and(More)
We have recently reported isolation of the gene responsible for X-linked Opitz G/BBB syndrome, a defect of midline development. MID1 is located on the distal short arm of the human X chromosome (Xp22. 3) and encodes a novel member of the B box family of zinc finger proteins. We have now cloned the murine homolog of MID1 and performed preliminary expression(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) repeat-containing proteins constitute an expanding family of proteins involved in several cellular activities such as blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, cell adhesion, and neural and vertebrate development. By using a bioinformatic approach, we have identified a new member of this family named MAEG (MAM- and EGF-containing gene;(More)
The B-box family is an expanding new family of genes encoding proteins involved in diverse cellular functions such as developmental patterning and oncogenesis. A member of this protein family, MID1, is the gene responsible for the X-linked form of Opitz G/BBB syndrome, a developmental disorder characterized by defects of the midline structures. We now(More)
We recently have identified a ubiquitously transcribed mouse Y chromosome gene, Uty , which encodes a tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) protein. A peptide derived from the UTY protein confers H-Y antigenicity on male cells. Here we report the characterization of a widely transcribed X-linked homologue of Uty , called Utx , which maps to the proximal region of(More)
The MID1 gene in Xp22 codes for a novel member of proteins containing a RING finger, B-box, coiled-coil and a conserved C-terminal domain. Initially, three mutations in the C-terminal region were found in patients with Opitz G/BBB syndrome, a defect of midline development. Here we have determined the complete gene structure of the MID1 gene and have(More)
DNA methylation at the promoter region of X-linked genes is associated with the maintenance of X inactivation in mammals. One of the methylated DNA binding proteins, MECP2, that binds to methylated bases in DNA is encoded by a gene (Mecp2) located on the mouse X Chromosome (Chr). To determine whether this gene was expressed from the inactive X Chr, and(More)