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Heart rate variability (HRV) is traditionally derived from RR interval time series of electrocardiography (ECG). Photoplethysmography (PPG) also reflects the cardiac rhythm since the mechanical activity of the heart is coupled to its electrical activity. Thus, theoretically, PPG can be used for determining the interval between successive heartbeats and(More)
There has been a growing interest in out-of-center sleep testing with portable devices for accurate diagnosis of sleep apnea syndrome. This paper presents a new algorithm that extracts features based on filtering and statistical dispersion of the nasal airflow respiration signal and detects apnea events on a per-second basis. The data records were randomly(More)
Accurate and early detection of blood volume loss would greatly improve intraoperative and trauma care. This study has attempted to determine early diagnostic and quantitative markers for blood volume loss by analyzing photoplethysmogram (PPG) data from ear, finger and forehead sites with our high-resolution time-frequency spectral (TFS) technique in(More)
Motion and noise artifacts (MNA) have been a serious obstacle in realizing the potential of Photoplethysmogram (PPG) signals for real-time monitoring of vital signs. We present a statistical approach based on the computation of kurtosis and Shannon Entropy (SE) for the accurate detection of MNA in PPG data. The MNA detection algorithm was verified on(More)
Photoplethysmogram (PPG) measures have been proven useful for the quantification of sympathetic reactivity and continuous monitoring of vascular reactivity. This study was designed to delineate the influence of respiratory rate on the variability of various PPG characteristics in time and frequency domains. PPG, electrocardiogram (ECG) and respiration were(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral arterial tonometry and Ultrasound measurement of flow mediated dilation have been the widely reported noninvasive techniques to assess vasodilation during reactive hyperemia (RH). OBJECTIVE Simultaneous monitoring of dilatation and tone of the vasculature during RH induced by venous occlusion (VO) and arterial occlusion (AO) has been(More)
BACKGROUND We designed this study to determine if 900 mL of blood withdrawal during spontaneous breathing in healthy volunteers could be detected by examining the time-varying spectral amplitude of the photoplethysmographic (PPG) waveform in the heart rate frequency band and/or in the breathing rate frequency band before significant changes occurred in(More)
OBJECTIVE Cold pressor test (CPT) assesses sympathetic reactivity by the rise in diastolic blood pressure secondary to the vasoconstriction during immersion of hand in cold water. Presently, monitoring of vascular reactivity in health and diabetes during CPT has been attempted by objective measures of Photoplethysmogram (PPG) that include amplitude,(More)
Unobtrusive continuous monitoring of important vital signs and activity metrics has the potential to provide remote health monitoring, at-home screening, and rapid notification of critical events such as heart attacks, falls, or respiratory distress. This paper contains validation results of a wireless Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) patch sensor consisting of(More)
Methods to predict onset of cardiopulmonary (CP) decompression sickness (DCS) would be of great benefit to clinicians caring for stricken divers. Principal dynamic mode (PDM) analysis of the electrocardiogram has been shown to provide accurate separation of the sympathetic and parasympathetic tone dynamics. Nine swine (Sus scrofa) underwent a 15-h(More)