Learn More
Adherence of Candida albicans to host tissues is a necessary step for maintenance of its commensal status and is likely a necessary step in the pathogenesis of candidiasis. The extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins are some of the host tissue and plasma proteins to which C. albicans adheres through adhesins located on the fungal cell surface. To isolate genes(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae transformed with Candida albicans ALA1/ALS5 exhibits adherence properties similar to C. albicans. Adherence of the fungi to immobilized proteins involves hydrogen bonds, is stable to shear forces, and is resistant to competition from various biological molecules. The specificity determinants of target recognition in(More)
Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing the adhesins Als5p or Als1p adhere to immobilized peptides and proteins that possess appropriate sequences of amino acids in addition to a sterically accessible peptide backbone. In an attempt to further define the nature of these targets, we surveyed the ability of yeast cells to adhere to 90- micro(More)
Candida albicans maintains both commensal and pathogenic states in humans. Both states are dependent on cell surface-expressed adhesins, including those of the Als family. Heterologous expression of Als5p at the surface of Saccharomyces cerevisiae results in Als5p-mediated adhesion to various ligands, followed by formation of multicellular aggregates.(More)
Candida species are the 4th most common cause of nosocomial bloodstream infections in North America. It is not widely appreciated, however, that many of these infections are polymicrobial, that is, that bacteria and occasionally more than 1 species of Candida are present in the same blood culture bottle. Analysis of 2 groups of candidemic patients and a(More)
The occurrence of highly conserved amyloid-forming sequences in Candida albicans Als proteins (H. N. Otoo et al., Eukaryot. Cell 7:776-782, 2008) led us to search for similar sequences in other adhesins from C. albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The beta-aggregation predictor TANGO found highly beta-aggregation-prone sequences in almost all yeast(More)
Candida albicans maintains a commensal relationship with human hosts, probably by adhering to mucosal tissue in a variety of physiological conditions. We show that adherence due to the C. albicans gene ALA1 when transformed into Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is comprised of two sequential steps. Initially, C. albicans rapidly attaches to extracellular matrix(More)
Candida albicans occupies a microniche on mucosal surfaces where diverse microbial populations interact within a biofilm. Because C. albicans is intimately involved with other microbes in this environment we studied the interactions of C. albicans with other fungi and bacteria that form mixed microbial aggregates. Once aggregation is initiated, aggregates(More)
Candida albicans adheres to host tissue and then proliferates in order to establish a commensal as well as a pathogenic state. Specific adherence to proteins is provided by several surface adhesins of Candida. Two well-studied proteins, Als1p and Als5p, do not require energy for adherence to occur (dead as well as living cells adhere) and have a multiplier(More)