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The occurrence of highly conserved amyloid-forming sequences in Candida albicans Als proteins (H. N. Otoo et al., Eukaryot. Cell 7:776-782, 2008) led us to search for similar sequences in other adhesins from C. albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The beta-aggregation predictor TANGO found highly beta-aggregation-prone sequences in almost all yeast(More)
Adherence of Candida albicans to host tissues is a necessary step for maintenance of its commensal status and is likely a necessary step in the pathogenesis of candidiasis. The extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins are some of the host tissue and plasma proteins to which C. albicans adheres through adhesins located on the fungal cell surface. To isolate genes(More)
Commensal and pathogenic states of Candida albicans depend on cell surface-expressed adhesins, including those of the Als family. Mature Als proteins consist of a 300-residue N-terminal region predicted to have an immunoglobulin (Ig)-like fold, a 104-residue conserved Thr-rich region (T), a central domain of a variable number of tandem repeats (TR) of a(More)
Candida albicans maintains both commensal and pathogenic states in humans. Both states are dependent on cell surface-expressed adhesins, including those of the Als family. Heterologous expression of Als5p at the surface of Saccharomyces cerevisiae results in Als5p-mediated adhesion to various ligands, followed by formation of multicellular aggregates.(More)
Candida albicans occupies a microniche on mucosal surfaces where diverse microbial populations interact within a biofilm. Because C. albicans is intimately involved with other microbes in this environment we studied the interactions of C. albicans with other fungi and bacteria that form mixed microbial aggregates. Once aggregation is initiated, aggregates(More)
Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing the adhesins Als5p or Als1p adhere to immobilized peptides and proteins that possess appropriate sequences of amino acids in addition to a sterically accessible peptide backbone. In an attempt to further define the nature of these targets, we surveyed the ability of yeast cells to adhere to 90- micro(More)
Glutamine synthetase in Bacillus brevis AG 4, a Gram-positive spore forming bacteria, has been found to exist in multiple molecular forms. It was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity by single-step Blue Sepharose affinity chromatography. The native enzyme has a molecular weight of 600,000 with subunits of 50,000. The enzyme samples purified from(More)
Candida species are the 4th most common cause of nosocomial bloodstream infections in North America. It is not widely appreciated, however, that many of these infections are polymicrobial, that is, that bacteria and occasionally more than 1 species of Candida are present in the same blood culture bottle. Analysis of 2 groups of candidemic patients and a(More)
Candida albicans maintains a commensal relationship with human hosts, probably by adhering to mucosal tissue in a variety of physiological conditions. We show that adherence due to the C. albicans gene ALA1 when transformed into Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is comprised of two sequential steps. Initially, C. albicans rapidly attaches to extracellular matrix(More)
Elucidating the molecular mechanisms behind the strength and mechanics of cell adhesion proteins is of central importance in cell biology and offers exciting avenues for the identification of potential drug targets. Here we use single-molecule force spectroscopy to investigate the adhesive and mechanical properties of the widely expressed Als5p cell(More)