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Rose and an anonymous referee for helpful comments. We also thank Jia Liu, Ali Ahsan, Humayun Khalid and especially Sandra Nudelman for excellent research assistance. Abstract What determines CEO incentives? A confusion exists among both academics and practitioners about how to measure the strength of CEO incentives, and how to reconcile the enormous(More)
  • Nancy, Boyd-Franklin New, York Guilford
  • 2005
was hailed as a landmark contribution to the understanding of the African-American experience. Fourteen years after the publication of the original volume, an update was very much needed. African-Americans constitute 12.9% of the U.S. population; from 1990 to 2000, the Black population increased at a faster rate than that of the U.S. population overall.(More)
Digital trees, also known as " tries " , are fundamental to a number of algorithmic schemes, including radix-based searching and sorting, lossless text compression, dynamic hashing algorithms, communication protocols of the tree or stack type, distributed leader election, and so on. This extended abstract develops the asymptotic form of expectations of the(More)
Education (Grant No. R305A040082). However, any opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent IES positions or policies. Abstract This article systematically reviews research on the achievement outcomes of four types of approaches to improving the reading success of children in the elementary grades: reading curricula,(More)
We prove that the theory of rough paths, which is used to define path-wise integrals and path-wise differential equations , can be used with continuous semi-martingales. We provide then an almost sure theorem of type Wong-Zakai. Moreover, we show that the conditions UT and UCV, used to prove that one can interchange limits and Itô or Stratonovich integrals,(More)
Since its founding in 1976, IBM and SAS Institute have had a technological relationship that has expanded to include joint solution development and marketing. The IBM partnership with SAS is a true win-win situation for both SAS and IBM. SAS benefits from IBM's experience in integrating technologies, and IBM aligns itself with a market leader in business(More)
Imprimé en France REMERCIEMENTS La préparation de cette édition de la Correspondance littéraire fait appel à la compé-tence et à la patience du personnel de nombreuses bibliothèques de recherche, notam-ment la Bibliothèque nationale de France et la Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal à Paris, la For-schungs bibliothek Gotha, la Bibliothèque de Genève et l'Institut et(More)