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In fish, pituitary growth hormone family peptide hormones (growth hormone, GH; prolactin, PRL; somatolactin, SL) regulate essential physiological functions including osmoregulation, growth, and metabolism. Teleost GH family hormones have both differential and overlapping effects, which are mediated by plasma membrane receptors. A PRL receptor (PRLR) and two(More)
Glucocorticoids are known to impede somatic growth in a wide range of vertebrates. In order to clarify the mechanisms through which they may act in an advanced teleost fish, we examined the effects of cortisol administration on the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I)/IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) system in the tilapia (Oreochromis(More)
There is considerable evidence that the GH/IGF-I axis plays an important role in female reproduction. We report the isolation and characterization of the GH receptor (GH-R) and its gene expression profile during oogenesis in the tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus. cDNA encoding GH-R was cloned and sequenced from the tilapia liver. The predicted GH-R(More)
Ghrelin (Ghr) is a gut-brain peptide with potent growth hormone (GH)-releasing and orexigenic activities. Ghrelin is synthesized mainly in the oxintic mucosal cells of the stomach, but is expressed to varying degrees in many other tissues, thus suggesting both endocrine and paracrine functions. Ghrelin is the endogenous ligand of the growth hormone(More)
Effects of two endocrine disruptors, o,p'-DDE and heptachlor, and 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) on vitellogenin (Vg) and the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) axis were examined in male tilapia. In the first experiment, fish were given 5 weekly injections of either E(2), o,p'-DDE or heptachlor (5 microg/g). E(2) treatment increased plasma(More)
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