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Increased endothelin-1 (ET-1) disrupts angiogenesis in persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), but pathogenic mechanisms are unclear. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ) is decreased in adult pulmonary hypertension, but whether ET-1-PPARγ interactions impair endothelial cell function and angiogenesis in PPHN remains(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) and Rho-kinase (ROCK) regulate smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and contribute to vascular remodeling in adult pulmonary hypertension. Whether these pathways interact to contribute to the development of vascular remodeling in persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) remains unknown.(More)
Although inhaled NO (iNO) therapy is often effective in treating infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), up to 40% of patients fail to respond, which may be partly due to abnormal expression and function of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). To determine whether altered sGC expression or activity due to oxidized sGC contributes(More)
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the chronic lung disease associated with premature birth, characterized by impaired vascular and alveolar growth. In neonatal rats bleomycin decreases lung growth and causes pulmonary hypertension (PH), which is poorly responsive to nitric oxide. In the developing lung, through Rho kinase (ROCK) activation, ET-1 impairs(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelin-1 (ET-1) and Rho-kinase (ROCK) increase vascular tone in experimental persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Whether ET-1 activates ROCK to decrease angiogenesis in the developing lung remains unknown. METHODS Proximal pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) were harvested from fetal sheep after partial ligation(More)
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is characterized by endothelial dysfunction and decreased vascular growth. The role of Rho kinase activity in modulating endothelial function and regulating angiogenesis during normal lung development and in PPHN is unknown. We hypothesized that PPHN increases Rho kinase activity in fetal pulmonary(More)
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