Nancy Thong

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OBJECTIVE To study the effects of rifampicin, a potent inducer of the microsomal P450 enzyme system and of specific isoforms of the uridine 5'-diphosphate(UDP)-glucuronyl-transferase enzyme system, and cimetidine, a known inhibitor of the hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme system, on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of lamotrigine in healthy(More)
Thirty-five patients who underwent a total of 44 neck dissections of various types were prospectively studied to compare differences in postoperative shoulder function. Those who underwent a radical neck dissection suffered the greatest reduction in shoulder movement and had severely abnormal electromyograms. Those who underwent modified neck dissection(More)
Drug-drug interactions involving efavirenz are of major concern in clinical practice. We evaluated the effects of multiple doses of efavirenz on omeprazole 5-hydroxylation (CYP2C19) and sulfoxidation (CYP3A). Healthy volunteers (n = 57) were administered a single 20 mg oral dose of racemic omeprazole either with a single 600 mg oral dose of efavirenz or(More)
Efavirenz increases CYP2C19- and CYP3A-mediated omeprazole metabolism. We hypothesized that CYP2C19 and CYP2B6 genetic polymorphisms influence the extent of induction of omeprazole metabolism by efavirenz. Healthy subjects (n=57) were administered a single 20 mg oral dose of omeprazole on two occasions: with a single 600 mg efavirenz dose; and after a(More)
BACKGROUND Efavirenz (EFV) has been associated with torsade de pointes despite marginal QT interval lengthening. Since EFV is metabolized by the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2B6 enzyme, we hypothesized that EFV would lengthen the rate-corrected QT (QTcF) interval in carriers of the CYP2B6*6 decreased functional allele. OBJECTIVE The primary objective of this(More)
BACKGROUND Efavirenz exhibits multiple interactions with drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters, and for this reason efavirenz-based HIV therapy is associated with altered pharmacokinetics of coadministered drugs. Probably by the same mechanism, efavirenz-based HIV therapy affects the disposition of endogenous compounds, but this effect is difficult to(More)
Cytochrome P450 2B6 (CYP2B6) metabolizes clinically important drugs and other compounds. Its expression and activity vary widely among individuals, but quantitative estimation is hampered by the lack of safe and selective in vivo probes of CYP2B6 activity. Efavirenz, a nonnucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitor, is mainly cleared by CYP2B6, an(More)
Methadone is increasingly used in pain management and is a cornerstone in the treatment of opiate withdrawal. It is subject to highly variable clearance among patients. The complete metabolic disposition of methadone is likely to involve a number of enzymes, including specifically CYP2B6. Previous studies in vitro suggest that metabolism by aromatase may(More)
GOALS AND BACKGROUND Nearly 40% of cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) activity is located in the small intestine. An earlier study has shown that cirrhotics with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) have diminished intestinal CYP3A activity. We hypothesized that oral CYP3A substrates known to prolong QT interval may cause further prolongation of(More)
Efavirenz pharmacokinetics is characterized by large between-subject variability, which determines both therapeutic response and adverse effects. Some of the variability in efavirenz pharmacokinetics has been attributed to genetic variability in cytochrome P450 genes that alter efavirenz metabolism, such as CYP2B6 and CYP2A6 While the effects of additional(More)
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