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Variation in cadmium tolerance and relationship to metal hyperaccumulation N. Roosens et al. ABSTRACT Thlaspi caerulescens J. & C. Presl is a distinctive metallo-phyte of central and western Europe that almost invariably hyperaccumulates Zn to > 1.0% of shoot dry biomass in its natural habitats, and can hyperaccumulate Ni to > 0.1% when growing on(More)
Gene duplication is a major mechanism facilitating adaptation to changing environments. From recent genomic analyses, the acquisition of zinc hypertolerance and hyperaccumulation characters discriminating Arabidopsis halleri from its zinc sensitive/non-accumulator closest relatives Arabidopsis lyrata and Arabidopsis thaliana was proposed to rely on(More)
Biotech crops are the fastest adopted crop technology in the history of modern agriculture. The commercialisation of GMO is in many countries strictly regulated laying down the need for traceability and labelling. To comply with these legislations, detection methods are needed. To date, GM events have been developed by the introduction of a transgenic(More)
Cadmium (Cd) tolerance seems to be a constitutive species-level trait in Arabidopsis halleri sp. halleri. Therefore, an interspecific cross was made between A. halleri and its closest nontolerant interfertile relative, Arabidopsis lyrata sp. petraea, and a first-generation backcross population (BC1) was used to map quantitative trait loci (QTL) for Cd(More)
Plant metallothioneins (MTs) are extremely diverse and are thought to be involved in metal homeostasis or detoxification. Thlaspi caerulescens is a model Zn/Cd hyperaccumulator and thus constitutes an ideal system to study the variability of these MTs. Two T. caerulescens cDNAs (accession: 665511; accession: 665515), that are highly homologous to type 1 and(More)
There is huge variability among populations of the hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens (formerly Thlaspi caerulescens) in their capacity to tolerate and accumulate cadmium. To gain new insights into the mechanisms underlying this variability, we estimated cadmium fluxes and further characterized the N. caerulescens heavy metal ATPase 4 (NcHMA4) gene in(More)
Thlaspi caerulescens exhibits a unique capacity for cadmium tolerance and accumulation. We investigated the molecular basis of this exceptional Cd(2+) tolerance by screening for T. caerulescens genes, which alleviate Cd(2+) toxicity upon expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This allowed for the isolation of a cDNA encoding a peptide with homology to the(More)
Identifying the particular gene or genes underlying a specific adaptation is a major challenge in modern biology. Currently, the study of naturally occurring variation in Arabidopsis thaliana provides a bridge between functional genetics and evolutionary analyses. Nevertheless, the use of A. thaliana to study adaptation is limited to those traits that have(More)
Metallothioneins chelate metals and consequently may be a control point of metal homeostasis. Homologous to type 3 metallothioneins, TcMT3 cDNA was identified in the Cd/Zn hyperaccumulator, Thlaspi caerulescens. TcMT3 amino acid sequence showed modifications in the Cys positions when compared with its Arabidopsis orthologue. A structural model established(More)
To evaluate the relative importance of ornithine (Orn) as a precursor in proline (Pro) synthesis, we isolated and sequenced a cDNA encoding the Orn-delta-aminotransferase (delta-OAT) from Arabidopsis thaliana. The deduced amino acid sequence showed high homology with bacterial, yeast, mammalian, and plant sequences, and the N-terminal residues exhibited(More)