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BACKGROUND & AIMS It is unclear whether the magnitude of reduction in hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA between baseline and week 4 of treatment influences the probability of achieving a sustained virological response (SVR) in patients without a week 4 rapid virological response (RVR). METHODS Data were retrospectively analyzed from two studies in which(More)
BACKGROUND In phase 2 trials, treatment with the combination of the nucleotide polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir and the NS5A inhibitor velpatasvir resulted in high rates of sustained virologic response in patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 or 3. METHODS We conducted two randomized, phase 3, open-label studies involving(More)
OBJECTIVES Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is associated with a high mortality rate. After antibiotic therapy, improvement in fluid polymorphonuclear (PMN) cell count is expected within 2 days. However, our institution recognized cases unresponsive to standard treatment. METHODS To study these recalcitrant cases, we completed a retrospective chart(More)
Perhaps no condition associated with chronic cholestasis is less understood than vanishing bile duct syndrome, a term that refers loosely to the group of acquired disorders associated with progressive destruction and disappearance of the intrahepatic bile ducts and, ultimately, cholestasis. Although the array of insults resulting in poor bile flow is vast,(More)
OBJECTIVE Adherence to ribavirin is one factor that is critically important in the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection. However, ribavirin can be associated with clinically significant hemolytic anemia resulting in dose modifications in up to one-quarter of patients. Currently, baseline predictors of considerable anemia are not sufficiently(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The best regimen to re-treat patients who do not respond to direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) and the feasibility of further shortening regimens is unclear. We assessed the efficacy and safety of the combination of the nucleotide polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir, the NS5A inhibitor velpatasvir, and the NS3/4A protease inhibitor GS-9857 in(More)
Hepatitis B is a common problem worldwide with serious sequelae. Despite the explosion of new agents, management has grown even more complicated. The treatment paradigm is evolving from limited therapy to lifelong viral suppression in several populations. This shift has been a direct result of not only well-tolerated oral medications, but also the(More)
The recent development and approval of expensive but highly effective oral agents against hepatitis C has led to restrictions and access limitations in many countries with limited healthcare budgets. Generic formulations of many of these agents are available at a fraction of the retail price in several countries because of generic licensure agreements. The(More)
Hepatitis C has a high prevalence in the United States, and the disease burden of HCV will increase over the next 20 to 30 years by many estimates. Trials to evaluate new therapies and optimize the use of triple drug therapies are needed if HCV is to be successfully controlled and its incumbent morbidity and mortality drastically lowered for all groups of(More)