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OBJECTIVE Adherence to ribavirin is one factor that is critically important in the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection. However, ribavirin can be associated with clinically significant hemolytic anemia resulting in dose modifications in up to one-quarter of patients. Currently, baseline predictors of considerable anemia are not sufficiently(More)
Perhaps no condition associated with chronic cholestasis is less understood than vanishing bile duct syndrome, a term that refers loosely to the group of acquired disorders associated with progressive destruction and disappearance of the intrahepatic bile ducts and, ultimately, cholestasis. Although the array of insults resulting in poor bile flow is vast,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS It is unclear whether the magnitude of reduction in hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA between baseline and week 4 of treatment influences the probability of achieving a sustained virological response (SVR) in patients without a week 4 rapid virological response (RVR). METHODS Data were retrospectively analyzed from two studies in which(More)
IMPORTANCE Effective and well-tolerated, interferon-free regimens are needed for treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and cirrhosis. OBJECTIVE All-oral therapy with daclatasvir (nonstructural protein 5A [NS5A] inhibitor), asunaprevir (NS3 protease inhibitor), and beclabuvir (nonnucleoside NS5B inhibitor), with or without(More)
Hepatitis C is a leading indication for transplantation and a common cause of liver-related death worldwide. Treatment for hepatitis C has evolved from interferon therapy alone, which yielded relatively poor response rates compared with the currently recommended and more effective combination of pegylated interferon and ribavirin. Factors such as hepatitis(More)
Consultation for liver disease in pregnant women is a common and oftentimes vexing clinical consultation for the gastroenterologist. The challenge lies in the need to consider the safety of both the expectant mother and the unborn fetus in the clinical management decisions. This practice guideline provides an evidence-based approach to common diagnostic and(More)
Zinc deficiency has been observed in cirrhosis, but management guidelines do not address screening for zinc deficiency. We aim to determine the prevalence of zinc deficiency in different stages of cirrhosis and to correlate zinc levels with complications of cirrhosis and clinical outcomes. Patients who had a diagnosis of cirrhosis and had serum zinc levels(More)
BACKGROUND In phase 2 trials, treatment with the combination of the nucleotide polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir and the NS5A inhibitor velpatasvir resulted in high rates of sustained virologic response in patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 or 3. METHODS We conducted two randomized, phase 3, open-label studies involving(More)
The HCV council 2011 convened 11 leading clinicians and researchers in hepatitis C virus from academic medical centers in the United States to provide a forum for the practical and comprehensive evaluation of current data regarding best practices for integrating new direct-acting antiviral agents into existing treatment paradigms. The council investigated(More)