Nancy Raab-Traub

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The pathogenic lymphocryptovirus Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is shown to express at least 17 distinct microRNAs (miRNAs) in latently infected cells. These are arranged in two clusters: 14 miRNAs are located in the introns of the viral BART gene while three are located adjacent to BHRF1. The BART miRNAs are expressed at high levels in latently infected(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is consistently detected in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) from regions of high and low incidence. EBV DNA within the tumor is homogeneous with regard to the number of terminal repeats. The detection of a single form of viral DNA suggests that the tumors are clonal proliferations of a single cell that was initially infected with(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a widespread opportunistic herpesvirus that causes severe and fatal diseases in immune-compromised individuals, including organ transplant recipients and individuals with AIDS. It is also a leading cause of virus-associated birth defects and is associated with atherosclerosis and coronary restenosis. HCMV initiates infection(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is expressed in multiple human malignancies and has potent effects on cell growth. It has been detected in exosomes and shown to inhibit immune function. Exosomes are small secreted cellular vesicles that contain proteins, mRNAs, and microRNAs (miRNAs). When produced by malignant cells, they can(More)
Sequence variations in the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 1 gene have been described in numerous EBV-associated tumors with some of these variations, most notably a 30-base pair deletion in the cytoplasmic carboxyl-terminal domain, suggested as associated with an increase in tumorigenicity. In this study, EBV DNA sequence was determined(More)
Latent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated with several lymphoproliferative disorders, including posttransplant lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, and Burkitt's lymphoma, as well as nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Twenty-nine microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified that are transcribed during latent infection from three clusters in the EBV genome.(More)
The effect of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) on the activation and differentiation of normal B cells was investigated. B cells of transgenic mice expressing LMP1 under the control of immunoglobulin promoter/enhancer displayed enhanced expression of activation antigens and spontaneously proliferated and produced antibody.(More)
By substituting the H chain C region of IgM with that of IgG, IgA, or IgE, class switching enables Abs to acquire new effector functions that are crucial for the neutralization of invading pathogens. Class switching occurs through class switch DNA recombination (CSR) and usually requires engagement of CD40 on B cells by CD40 ligand on Ag-activated CD4(+) T(More)
The linear virion form of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA has variable numbers of direct tandem 500 bp repeats at each terminus. The terminal restriction endonuclease fragments and the fused terminal fragments in the intracellular episomal form are heterogeneous in size, and vary by increments of 500 bp. The structure of the termini of EBV in carcinomas of the(More)
A continuous lymphoblastoid cell line, IB-4, was established by infection and growth transformation of normal neonatal B lymphocytes with the B95-8 isolate of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The IB-4 cells contained the intranuclear antigen, EBNA, but not early antigen, EA. The fragments produced by the digestion of intracellular episomal viral DNA (density,(More)