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Distinguishing Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) currently relies on a clinical history and examination, but positron emission tomography with [(18)F] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) shows different patterns of hypometabolism in these disorders that might aid differential diagnosis. Six dementia experts with variable FDG-PET experience(More)
Flurodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is being explored to determine its ability to differentiate between a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and fronto-temporal dementia (FTD). We have examined statistical discrimination procedures to help achieve this purpose and compared the results to visual ratings of FDG-PET images. The methods(More)
BACKGROUND While preliminary evidence supports the criterion validity of the CogState computerized brief battery in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer disease (AD), definitive validation studies examining a wider range of dementia-related disorders relative to conventional neuropsychological techniques are necessary. METHODS Participants(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cause of diagnostic errors in the visual interpretation of positron emission tomographic scans with fludeoxyglucose F 18 (FDG-PET) in patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). DESIGN Twelve trained raters unaware of clinical and autopsy information independently reviewed(More)
Nonmotor symptoms, including cognitive deterioration and dementia, depression and apathy, and psychosis, are common in Parkinson's disease. Their presence is associated with a tremendous burden for the patient and family members. This article reviews the pathophysiololgy, risks, impact, major features, diagnosis, and treatment of these symptoms in(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term stability and reliability of a brief computerized cognitive battery in established dementia types. METHOD Patients were administered the computerized battery twice with administrations approximately 2 hours apart, with intervening conventional neuropsychological tests. Patients were classified(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical diagnosis of dementing diseases largely depends on the subjective interpretation of patient symptoms. Consensus panels are frequently used in research to determine diagnoses when definitive pathologic findings are unavailable. Nevertheless, research on group decision making indicates that many factors can adversely affect panel(More)
It is well recognized that headache, and especially migraine, runs in families. Recent studies into the heritability of primary headache subtypes, migraine, cluster and tension headache, and conditions in which headache is a prominent feature, such as the mitochondrial disease, mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes, and the(More)
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