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Distinguishing Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) currently relies on a clinical history and examination, but positron emission tomography with [(18)F] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) shows different patterns of hypometabolism in these disorders that might aid differential diagnosis. Six dementia experts with variable FDG-PET experience(More)
Flurodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is being explored to determine its ability to differentiate between a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and fronto-temporal dementia (FTD). We have examined statistical discrimination procedures to help achieve this purpose and compared the results to visual ratings of FDG-PET images. The methods(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term stability and reliability of a brief computerized cognitive battery in established dementia types. METHOD Patients were administered the computerized battery twice with administrations approximately 2 hours apart, with intervening conventional neuropsychological tests. Patients were classified(More)
BACKGROUND While preliminary evidence supports the criterion validity of the CogState computerized brief battery in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer disease (AD), definitive validation studies examining a wider range of dementia-related disorders relative to conventional neuropsychological techniques are necessary. METHODS Participants(More)
Among the many losses that a patient with dementia inevitably experiences is loss of competency. The patient with a degenerative dementia experiences gradual and progressive impairment of multiple abilities, which may interfere with his or her competency in a number of realms, including medical or legal decision making, driving, and independent living. It(More)
Retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) photographs from 26 patients with Alzheimer's disease and 23 normal, age-matched, control subjects were reviewed for quality and abnormalities by two observers. A higher proportion of Alzheimer's patients showed RNFL abnormalities when compared to control subjects. There was some disagreement between the two observers(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cause of diagnostic errors in the visual interpretation of positron emission tomographic scans with fludeoxyglucose F 18 (FDG-PET) in patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). DESIGN Twelve trained raters unaware of clinical and autopsy information independently reviewed(More)
A 52-year-old woman had a fatal intracerebral hemorrhage after dental manipulation. Normotensive in the past, the initial blood pressure was high but rapidly returned to normal. Necropsy showed no vascular malformation or evidence of hypertensive vascular disease. Clinical and experimental data show that stimulation of trigeminal fibers can cause important(More)
Nonmotor symptoms, including cognitive deterioration and dementia, depression and apathy, and psychosis, are common in Parkinson's disease. Their presence is associated with a tremendous burden for the patient and family members. This article reviews the pathophysiololgy, risks, impact, major features, diagnosis, and treatment of these symptoms in(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical diagnosis of dementing diseases largely depends on the subjective interpretation of patient symptoms. Consensus panels are frequently used in research to determine diagnoses when definitive pathologic findings are unavailable. Nevertheless, research on group decision making indicates that many factors can adversely affect panel(More)