Nancy Lapp Kanagy

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Increased air pollutants correlate with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease potentially due to vascular dysfunction. We have reported that acute diesel engine exhaust (DE) exposure enhances vasoconstriction and diminishes acetylcholine (ACh)-induced dilation in coronary arteries in a nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent(More)
Clinical studies suggest that sleep apnea causes systemic hypertension. In addition, patients with sleep apnea have elevated plasma levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1). We hypothesized that the intermittent hypoxia/hypercapnia (IH) associated with sleep apnea causes hypertension by increasing ET-1 production. To test this hypothesis, rats with arterial and venous(More)
We demonstrated that arteries from rats made hypertensive with chronic nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) inhibition (N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine in drinking water, LHR) have enhanced contractile sensitivity to alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors (alpha(2)-AR) agonist UK-14304 compared with arteries from normotensive rats (NR). NO may regulate vascular tone in part(More)
Exposing rodents to brief episodes of hypoxia mimics the hypoxemia and the cardiovascular and metabolic effects observed in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), a condition that affects between 5% and 20% of the population. Apart from daytime sleepiness, OSA is associated with a high incidence of systemic and pulmonary hypertension, peripheral(More)
We have demonstrated enhanced contractile sensitivity to the alpha(2)-adrenoreceptor (alpha(2)-AR) agonist UK-14304 in arteries from rats made hypertensive with chronic nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition (LHR) compared with arteries from normotensive rats (NR); additionally, this contraction requires Ca(2+) entry. We hypothesized that tyrosine kinases(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates toxicity of xenobiotics, such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. Genetic deletion of the AhR leads to cardiac hypertrophy, suggesting a role for the AhR in cardiovascular physiology and disease; however, the pathways involved in the development of cardiac(More)
Female rats develop less severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) in response to chronic hypoxia compared with males, thus implicating a potential role for ovarian hormones in mediating this gender difference. Considering that estrogen upregulates endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) in systemic vascular tissue, we hypothesized that estrogen inhibits(More)
Air pollutant levels positively correlate with increases in both acute and chronic cardiovascular disease. The pollutant diesel exhaust (DE) increases endothelin (ET) levels, suggesting that this peptide may contribute to DE-induced cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that acute exposure to DE also enhances ET-1-mediated coronary artery constrictor(More)
We have previously shown that hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) reduces myogenic tone and causes relaxation of phenylephrine (PE)-constricted mesenteric arteries. This effect of H₂S to cause vasodilation and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) hyperpolarization was mediated by large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium channels (BKCa). Ca(2+) sparks are ryanodine(More)
Rationale: Myogenic tone, an important regulator of vascular resistance, is dependent on vascular smooth muscle (VSM) depolarization, can be modulated by endothelial factors, and is increased in several models of hypertension. Intermittent hypoxia (IH) elevates blood pressure and causes endothelial dysfunction. Hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S), a recently described(More)