Nancy L. Whitehouse

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Eighty-four Holstein cows were assigned to a randomized block experiment to determine effects of supplementing pre- and postpartum diets containing highLys protein supplements with rumen-protected Met and Lys. Before parturition, cows received a basal diet with 1) no rumen-protected amino acids (AA), 2) 10.5 g/d of Met from rumen-protected Met, or 3) 10.2(More)
Four Holstein cows with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were assigned to a 4 x 4 Latin square at each of four stages of lactation (peak, wk 4; early, wk 8 to 12; mid, wk 17 to 21; and late, wk 27 to 31). Treatments were duodenal infusions of 1) Met, 2) Lys, 3) Met plus Lys, and 4) casein; periods were 7 to 10 d. Quantities of DL-Met, L-Lys, and casein infused(More)
Eighteen primiparous and 42 multiparous Holstein cows were blocked according to parity and expected calving date and assigned randomly to 1 of 3 dietary treatments: 1) a basal diet (negative control), 2) the basal diet plus 2-hydroxy-4-methylthio butanoic acid isopropyl ester (MetaSmart, Adisseo Inc., Antony, France), or 3) the basal diet plus(More)
Combinations of physical and chemical methods were evaluated for their ability to remove particle-associated microorganisms (PAM) from saline-washed ruminal digesta solids (SWRDS). Physical methods included chilling and storage, homogenization, multiple extraction, and agitation with marbles. Chemical methods included use of low pH, Tween 80, formaldehyde,(More)
The objective of this experiment was to quantify intakes, duodenal flows, and ruminal apparent synthesis (AS) of B-vitamins in lactating dairy cows fed diets varying in forage and nonfiber carbohydrate (NFC) contents. Eight (4 primiparous and 4 multiparous) ruminally and duodenally cannulated Holstein cows were assigned to 4 dietary treatments in a(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of lactoferrin addition to milk replacer varying in crude protein (CP) on dry matter intake, growth, and days medicated. Thirty-four Holstein heifer calves were assigned to 4 treatments in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments in a randomized complete block design. Treatments were as follows: 562(More)
One primiparous and 3 multiparous lactating Holstein cows fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square design to determine the efficacy of adding urea to a corn silage-based diet on ruminal fermentation and microbial protein synthesis. Dietary treatments were 0, 0.3, 0.6, and 0.9% urea in diet dry matter (DM); urea was(More)
Eight early lactation, primiparous Holstein cows were fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas. The cows were used in a replicated 4 x 4 Latin square design to test the effects of yeast culture (0 vs. 10 g/ d) and dietary crude protein (CP) (16.1 vs. 18.8% of dry matter) in 44% forage diets. Dietary CP differed primarily in ruminally degradable CP (9.1 vs.(More)
Five multiparous, ruminally and duodenally cannulated Holstein cows were assigned to 5 x 5 Latin squares at wk 2 (experiment 1), wk 11 to 13 (experiment 2), and wk 17 to 19 postpartum (experiment 3) to determine extent of Met limitation. Treatments were duodenally infused and consisted of 10 g/d of l-Lys plus 0, 3.5, 7.0, 10.5, or 16.0 g/d of dl-Met in(More)
The protein requirements of lactating dairy cows continue to be refined. In NRC (1971, 1978), dietary requirements were expressed as CP and metabolic requirements as digestible protein. In NRC (1989), dietary requirements were expressed as CP or degraded intake CP (DIP) and undegraded intake CP (UIP), and metabolic requirements as absorbed protein. Mean(More)