Nancy L. Wayne

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The purpose of this work was to investigate the effects of electrical afterdischarge on protein kinase C (PKC) activity from bag cell neurons (BCNs) of Aplysia. Bilateral clusters of BCNs were divided: one cluster was stimulated to afterdischarge, the other was a control. Clusters were processed for PKC activity assay 5-120 min after electrical stimulation.(More)
The insulin receptor is a tyrosine kinase receptor that is found in mammalian brain and at high concentrations in the bag cell neurons of Aplysia. We show here that insulin causes an acute rise in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in these neurons and triggers release of neuropeptide. The insulin-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ pool differs(More)
The purpose of this work was to test the hypothesis that an electrical afterdischarge (AD) causes prolonged elevation in cytosolic calcium levels that is associated with prolonged secretion of egg-laying hormone (ELH) from peptidergic neurons in intact nervous tissue of Aplysia. Using a combination of radioimmunoassay measurement of ELH secretion,(More)
The role of Ca2+ from extracellular and intracellular sources in stimulating neurosecretion was investigated in four experiments using neuroendocrine bag cells of the marine mollusk Aplysia. (i) Bag cells were treated with either an extracellular calcium chelator (BAPTA) or Co(2+)-substitution within 30 s after onset of an electrical afterdischarge to(More)
Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the role that the increasing day lengths of late winter and spring play in timing the breeding season of the Suffolk ewe. In the first experiment, ewes were denied their normal complement of increasing day length by maintaining them on the photoperiod experienced at the winter solstice. This prevented the(More)
Understanding the physiological basis of environmental regulation of reproduction at the cellular level has been difficult or unfeasible in vertebrate species because of the highly complex and diffuse nature of vertebrate neuroendocrine systems. This is not the case with the simple nervous system of mollusks in which reproductive neuroendocrine cells are(More)
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a synthetic estrogen and monomer component of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins that are widely used in the production of food and beverage containers. It leaches into our food and drink at concentrations shown to have biological consequences. Here we show that exposure to low levels of BPA accelerated early embryonic development(More)
Seasonal reproduction in the ewe is generated by an endogenous circannual rhythm of reproductive neuroendocrine activity. Exposure to as few as 70 days of photoperiodic information a year is sufficient to synchronize the rhythm. The present study was conducted to identify which portions of the photoperiodic cycle are utilized for synchronization. For this(More)
A single gene defect of the circadian clock (tau mutation) has recently been described that results in a shortening of the circadian activity cycle of the Syrian hamster. In the homozygous animal, free running activity is shortened by 4 h, resulting in a circadian period of approximately 20 h. Here, we examine the effect of the tau mutation on noncircadian(More)