Nancy L. Bossert

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We report studies of preimplantation human embryo development that correlate time-lapse image analysis and gene expression profiling. By examining a large set of zygotes from in vitro fertilization (IVF), we find that success in progression to the blastocyst stage can be predicted with >93% sensitivity and specificity by measuring three dynamic, noninvasive(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that the differential regulation of multiple peptide growth factors by steroid hormones contributes significantly to the pleiotropic effects elicited in target tissues. We report here an evaluation of the effects of the potent estrogen, diethylstilbestrol, on the expression of the three mammalian transforming growth factor beta(More)
To better understand the role of peptide growth factors in sex steroid hormone-mediated growth of the female reproductive tract, the effect of estrogen on the expression of transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF alpha) in mouse uterus was investigated. Our results show that estrogen induces the expression of TGF alpha mRNA in the mouse uterus in a dose- and(More)
The in vivo studies presented here demonstrate that epidermal growth factor (EGF) is an important autocrine and/or paracrine mediator of estrogen-induced growth and differentiation in mouse uterus and vagina. An antibody specific for EGF significantly inhibited estrogen-induced uterine and vaginal growth, thereby implicating EGF involvement in estrogen(More)
There is a disparity in the fact that epidermal growth factor (EGF) can stimulate proliferation of a wide variety of cells in vitro, yet sites of synthesis for this polypeptide in vivo are generally associated with nonproliferative or differentiated cell populations. Unlike other known mitogenic members of the EGF family of ligands, EGF derives from a large(More)
Mouse blastocyst functions have been shown to be disrupted by in vitro exposure to N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MeNU). After exposure, the chemically treated blastocysts were transferred to the uteri of pseudopregnant surrogate mothers. Implantation rate and birth rate have been shown previously to decrease in a concentration-dependent manner. Because of the(More)
Human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines are derived from the inner cell mass (ICM) of preimplantation human blastocysts obtained on days 5-6 following fertilization. Based on their derivation, they were once thought to be the equivalent of the ICM. Recently, however, studies in mice reported the derivation of mouse embryonic stem cell lines from the(More)
Human granulosa-luteal cells and cumulus cells obtained from women undergoing in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) were examined for the presence of TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta 2 mRNA by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. RT-PCR analysis revealed that both follicle cell types express mRNA for both TGF-beta(More)
Descriptive teratology has developed several fundamental precepts, two of which can now be challenged on the basis of experimental evidence. The first is that prior to implantation the developing embryo is not susceptible to survivable defects from chemical injury. The second is that developmental defects cannot be due to mutational events since rare events(More)
Mouse preimplantation embryo functions have been shown to be disrupted by in vitro exposure to N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) with subsequent transfer to the uteri of pseudopregnant surrogate mothers. Increased gross malformations and decreased fetal body lengths in the midgestational period have been previously documented. Protein extracts were isolated from(More)