Nancy L. Boman

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Prolonged exposure to vincristine correlates with improved therapeutic activity. In this work, two methods are used to increase the circulation longevity of liposomal formulations of vincristine. The first involves incorporation of the ganglioside GM1, which acts to increase the circulation longevity of liposomal carriers, while the second approach relies(More)
The influence of lipid composition, internal pH and internal buffering capacity on the retention properties of vincristine loaded into large unilamellar vesicle (LUV) systems in response to transmembrane pH gradients has been assessed. It is shown that increasing the (saturated) acyl chain length of the phosphatidylcholine molecule, increasing the internal(More)
A new method, based on the ion-translocating properties of the ionophores nigericin and A23187, is described for loading large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) with the drugs vincristine and ciprofloxacin. LUVs composed of distearoylphosphatidylcholine/cholesterol (DSPC/Chol) (55:45 mol/mol) or sphingomyelin (SPM)/Chol (55:45 mol/mol) exhibiting a transmembrane(More)
Vincristine pharmacokinetic, tumour uptake and therapeutic characteristics were investigated here in order to elucidate the processes underlying the enhanced efficacy observed for vincristine entrapped in small (120 nm) distearoylphosphatidylcholine/cholesterol liposomes. Plasma vincristine levels after intravenous (i.v.) injection are elevated more than(More)
The influence of vesicle lipid composition, size and drug-to-lipid ratio on the antitumour activity of liposomal vincristine was assessed in the murine L1210 ascitic leukemia model. A pH gradient-dependent entrapment procedure was used to encapsulate vincristine and allowed such vesicle properties to be independently varied. Free vincristine delivered i.v.(More)
BACKGROUND ACU-4429 is a first in class small-molecule visual cycle modulator that inhibits the isomerase complex and, in mouse models of retinal degeneration, prevents the accumulation of A2E. The purpose of this study was to assess the tolerability, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of a single, orally administered dose of ACU-4429 in healthy(More)
Doxorubicin is a potent antineoplastic agent with activity against numerous human cancers. Encapsulation of doxorubicin inside a liposome alters bioavailability, biodistribution and thus its biological activity significantly. The physical properties of the liposome (size, lipid components and lipid dose) play a major role in determining drug retention and(More)
The fluoroquinolone antibiotic ciprofloxacin has been encapsulated into large unilamellar vesicles (LUV) at efficiencies approaching 100%. Drug accumulation proceeded in response to a transmembrane gradient of methylammonium sulfate and occurred concomitantly with the efflux of methylamine. A mechanism for the encapsulation process is described. LUV(More)
 A problem associated with the intravenous delivery of vincristine concerns drug extravasation at the site of injection or infusion. This can result in extensive local soft-tissue damage. A new formulation of vincristine has recently been developed based on encapsulation of the drug in liposomes. The liposomal drug is somewhat less toxic and substantially(More)
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