Nancy Kelley-Loughnane

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Plasminogen directs matrix proteolysis during liver repair. Based on the role of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) on matrix production, we investigated whether plasminogen-driven matrix proteolysis modulates the phenotype of HSCs. METHODS Carbon tetrachloride was injected intraperitoneally into mice deficient in plasminogen, fibrinogen, or(More)
Previous kinetic characterization of Escherichia coli fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) was performed on enzyme with an estimated purity of only 50%. Contradictory kinetic properties of the partially purified E. coli FBPase have been reported in regard to AMP cooperativity and inactivation by fructose-2,6-bisphosphate. In this investigation, a new(More)
The first-known aptamer for the stress biomarker cortisol was selected using a tunable stringency magnetic bead selection strategy. The capture DNA probe immobilized on the beads was systematically lengthened to increase the number of bases bound to the complementary pool primer regions following selection enrichment. This resulted in a single sequence(More)
Monitoring aspects of human performance during various activities has recently become a highly investigated research area. Many new commercial products are available now to monitor human physical activity or responses while performing activities ranging from playing sports, to driving, and even sleeping. However, monitoring cognitive performance biomarkers,(More)
The feasibility of using aptamer-gold nanoparticle conjugates (Apt-AuNPs) to design colorimetric assays for in the field detection of small molecules was investigated. An assay to detect cocaine was designed using two clones of a known cocaine-binding aptamer. The assay was based on the AuNPs difference in affinity for single-stranded DNA (non-binding) and(More)
Non-invasive and accurate access of biomarkers remains a holy grail of the biomedical community. Human eccrine sweat is a surprisingly biomarker-rich fluid which is gaining increasing attention. This is especially true in applications of continuous bio-monitoring where other biofluids prove more challenging, if not impossible. However, much confusion on the(More)
Small molecules provide rich targets for biosensing applications due to their physiological implications as biomarkers of various aspects of human health and performance. Nucleic acid aptamers have been increasingly applied as recognition elements on biosensor platforms, but selecting aptamers toward small molecule targets requires special design(More)
To expedite development of any skin wearable material, product, or device, an artificial perspiration (sweat) simulator can provide improved ease, cost, control, flexibility, and reproducibility in comparison to human or animal tests. Reported here is a human perspiration mimicking device including microreplicated skin-texture. A bottom 0.2 μm track etched(More)
Riboswitches are RNA sequences that regulate expression of associated downstream genes in response to the presence or absence of specific small molecules. A novel riboswitch that activates protein translation in E. coli cells in response to 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT) has been engineered. A plasmid library was constructed by incorporation of 30 degenerate(More)
Liver development and regeneration share the requirement for simultaneous proliferation and acquisition of highly specialized cellular functions. However, little is known about molecules with regulatory roles in both processes. We hypothesized that transcriptional reprogramming induced by regeneration recapitulates that of developing liver. To address this(More)