Nancy Karthas

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The emergence of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) escape mutations in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) proteins has been anecdotally associated with progression to AIDS, but it has been difficult to determine whether viral mutation is the cause or the result of increased viral replication. Here we describe a perinatally HIV-infected child who(More)
OBJECTIVES HIV-infected children may be at risk for premature cardiovascular disease. We compared levels of biomarkers of vascular dysfunction in HIV-infected children (with and without hyperlipidaemia) with those in HIV-exposed, uninfected (HEU) children enrolled in the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study (PHACS), and determined factors associated with these(More)
Urine and peripheral blood samples from 48 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) seropositive individuals (38 adults and 10 children) were evaluated for the presence of HIV-1 by cocultivation and for HIV-1 p24 antigen by ELISA. None of the urine samples contained replication-competent HIV-1; 41 (85%) of 48 simultaneously obtained peripheral blood(More)
BACKGROUND It is known that plasma or serum viral load is high in vertically HIV-infected children during the first year of life, but the changes in these titers after the first birthday have not been described. Information on the natural history of circulating extracellular virus will be useful in elucidating the pathogenesis of pediatric HIV infection and(More)
Among 234 US youths with perinatal human immunodeficiency virus, 75% had antiretroviral resistance, substantially higher than that of the reference laboratory overall (36%-44%). Resistance to newer antiretrovirals and to all antiretrovirals in a class was uncommon. The only factor independently associated with future resistance was a higher peak viral load.
BACKGROUND Two doses of live-attenuated varicella-zoster vaccine are recommended for human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1)-infected children with CD4% ≥ 15%. We determined the prevalence and persistence of antibody in immunized children with perinatal HIV (PHIV) and their association with number of vaccinations, combination antiretroviral therapy (cART),(More)
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