Nancy K. Valego

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We wished to determine if the concentration of bioactive ACTH-like activity increased during development and if there was heterogeneity in ovine fetal anterior pituitary ACTH activity as measured by bioassay and radioimmunoassay (RIA). We obtained anterior pituitaries from eight sheep fetuses (four at 0.65 and four at 0.95 gestation; term 145 +/- 5 days)(More)
Fetal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activity is developmentally regulated, increasing in late gestation toward term. At the same time, fetal hemodynamic parameters change, with blood pressure increasing and heart rate decreasing. During this period, fetal plasma thyroid hormone concentrations also increase significantly. In this study we utilized the(More)
Synthetic glucocorticoids are commonly given to pregnant women when premature delivery threatens. Antenatal administration of clinically relevant doses of betamethasone to pregnant sheep causes sex-specific compromises of renal function and increases in blood pressure in adult offspring. However, it is unclear whether such effects are present in immature(More)
Exposure to clinically relevant doses of glucocorticoids during fetal life increases blood pressure in adult male and female sheep. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of prenatal exposure to betamethasone at 80-81 days of gestation on renal function in ewes and rams at 1.5 yr of age. In prenatal betamethasone-exposed males, compared with(More)
We examined the effects of exogenous cortisol on plasma immunoreactive adrenocorticotropic hormone (iACTH), bioactive ACTH (bACTH), and ACTH-(1-39) in nine adrenalectomized fetuses at 126-130 and 136-140 days of gestation. Fetuses received 4 h of cortisol (2 or saline infusions on consecutive days. Blood was obtained before and at(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) or arginine vasopressin (AVP) on the secretion of bioactive adrenocorticotropic hormone (bACTH) and immunoreactive ACTH (iACTH), the latter being measured by radioimmunoassay and separate two-site immunoradiometric assays for ACTH-(1-39) and ACTH precursors.(More)
This study examined whether renin expression and secretion and plasma angiotensin II (Ang II) levels were altered in adult sheep exposed to antenatal betamethasone. Pregnant sheep received injections of 0.17 mg/kg betamethasone or vehicle, at 80 and 81 days of gestation, and offspring were studied at 6 and 18 months of age. At 6 months, plasma prorenin(More)
The importance of prostaglandins in the regulation of the renin-angiotensin system during development is not known. These experiments were conducted to examine the effects of prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors on basal and isoproterenol-induced plasma renin concentration and renin gene expression in the late-gestation fetal lamb. Eighteen lamb fetuses(More)
Antenatal corticosteroid exposure reduces renal function and alters the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system to favor angiotensin activation of angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) mediated responses in ovine offspring. This study aimed to assess whether antenatal steroid exposure would affect renal responses to the direct intrarenal infusion of(More)
The late-gestation ovine fetus (> 130 days, 0.90 gestation, full term 145 days) is capable of increased pituitary-adrenal activity following a variety of stressors. To examine the relationship between plasma immunoreactive adrenocorticotropic hormone (iACTH) and bioactive ACTH-like activity (bACTH), late-gestation fetuses were studied under nonstress (group(More)