Nancy Jane Bigley

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Mice immunized with purified whole-cell ribonucleic acid (RNA), RNA from the bacterial "particulate" fraction, and ribosome-associated RNA obtained from Salmonella typhimurium were found to be resistant to subsequent challenge infection with virulent salmonellae. Chemically, the immunogenic nucleic acid fractions contained from 1 to 3% "contaminant"(More)
A subset of CD161 (NK1) T cells express an invariant Valpha14Jalpha281 TCR-alpha chain (Valpha(invt) T cells) and produce Th2 and Th1 cytokines rapidly in response to CD1d, but their physiological function(s) remain unclear. We have found that CD1d-reactive T cells mediate to resistance against the acute, cytopathic virus diabetogenic encephalomyocarditis(More)
CD1d-reactive natural killer T (NKT) cells can rapidly produce T helper type 1 (Th1) and/or Th2 cytokines, can activate antigen-presenting cell (APC) interleukin-12 (IL-12) production, and are implicated in the regulation of adaptive immune responses. The role of the CD1d system was assessed during infection with encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV-D), a(More)
We have developed a novel co-culture system in which murine splenocytes are cultured with live bacteria in the presence of a bacteriostatic antibiotic. Superantigens, like staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) are important factors in bacterial pathogenicity. Research has shown that superantigens affect numerous immune cell types, either directly or(More)
The intricacies involving the role of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) in herpesvirus infection and persistence are complex. Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) uses a variety of receptors to enter cells and is transported to and from the host cell nucleus over the microtubule railroad via retrograde and anterograde transport. IFN-γ exerts dual but conflicting(More)
To characterize early blood and tissue markers predictive of decompression sickness (DCS), this study focused on identifying changes in inflammatory mediators during the 24-h period immediately following compression-decompression of female Sprague-Dawley rats. Early blood and tissue markers predictive of DCS include inflammatory cytokines and cell adhesion(More)
Splenocyte cultures from female ICR Swiss mice produced greater interferon (IFN) levels, particularly IFN-gamma, than did cultures from males by 12 h post-infection (pi) with the D variant of encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV-D). This early IFN-gamma is produced by natural killer (NK)-like cells and is dependent on plastic adherent cells and IFN-alpha/beta.(More)
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia and leukopenia, circulating autoantibodies for erythrocytes, leukocytes, and ribosomes; pathological changes in liver, spleen, heart, brain, and kidneys were produced in rabbits injected with rat or rabbit liver ribosomes. The hematologic and pathologic changes were reproduced by injection of anti-ribosomal serum into normal(More)
Keratinocytes are important for the acute phase of HSV-1 infection and subsequent persistence in sensory nervous tissue. In this study, we showed that keratinocytes (HEL-30) were refractory to IFN-gamma induction of an antiviral state to HSV-1 infection, while IFN-gamma did induce an antiviral state in fibroblasts (L929). This led us to examine the possible(More)
Manifestations of delayed hypersensitivity (cell-mediated immunity) were found to be present in mice immunized with virulent Salmonella typhimurium SR-11 subfractions which contained appreciable concentrations of bacterial protein and in mice immunized with the living, attenuated RIA strain of S. typhimurium. Delayed hypersensitive responses were measured(More)