Nancy J . Rusch

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More than 50 years ago, smooth muscle cells (SMCs) of the carotid artery were shown to undergo dedifferentiation on ligation injury. Since this classical study, scores of research groups have used a variety of in vivo and in vitro model systems, as well as numerous clinical studies, to demonstrate the conversion of normally contractile vascular SMCs to a(More)
Voltage-gated potassium (KV) channels represent an important dilator influence in the cerebral circulation, but the composition of these tetrameric ion channels remains unclear. The goals of the present study were to evaluate the contribution of KV1 family channels to the resting membrane potential and diameter of small rat cerebral arteries, and to(More)
Severe chronic cerebral vasospasm was reliably induced in dogs by two injections, 2 days apart, of autologous blood into the cisterna magna. Treatment with ibuprofen or high-dose methylprednisolone after the first injection prevented or reduced vasospasm. Both drugs reduced meningismus and accelerated the rate of neurological recovery. Compared with(More)
Hyperglycemia is associated with impaired endothelium-dependent dilation that is due to quenching of NO by superoxide (O(2)(. -)). In small coronary arteries (CAs), dilation depends more on smooth muscle hyperpolarization, such as that mediated by voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channels. We determined whether high glucose enhances O(2)(.-) production and reduces(More)
The Ca-sensitive K channel (KCa channel) plays a key role in buffering pressure-induced constriction of small cerebral arteries. An amplified current through this channel has been reported in vascular smooth muscle cells obtained from hypertensive animals, implying that the expression or properties of KCa channels may be regulated by in vivo blood pressure(More)
Rat arterial muscle cells show an elevated Ca(2+)-dependent K+ efflux during the established phase of hypertension. This association of enhanced K+ efflux with high arterial pressure implies that changes of in vivo blood pressure can alter the level of K+ channel current in arterial membranes. We directly tested this hypothesis by comparing K+ current(More)
Decreases in intracellular pH (pHi) potently dilate coronary resistance arteries but constrict small pulmonary arteries. To define the ionic mechanisms of these responses, this study investigated whether acute decreases in pHi differentially regulate K+ currents in single vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells isolated from rat coronary and pulmonary resistance(More)
Long-lasting Ca2+ (Ca(L)) channels of the Ca(v)1.2 gene family contribute to the pathogenesis of abnormal arterial tone in hypertension. The physiological stimulus that enhances Ca(L) channel current in the vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) remains unknown. The present study investigated if high blood pressure triggers an upregulation of vascular Ca(L)(More)
Long-lasting Ca (CaL) channels of the Cav1.2 gene family contribute to the pathogenesis of abnormal arterial tone in hypertension. The physiological stimulus that enhances CaL channel current in the vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) remains unknown. The present study investigated if high blood pressure triggers an upregulation of vascular CaL channel(More)
Experiments were conducted in normal human volunteers to compare the response of the forearm and calf vessels to contralateral isometric exercise, mental stress, resisted breathing, coughing, and the Valsalva maneuver. Blood flows were measured by means of strain-gauge plethysmography, arterial blood pressure by auscultation, and heart rate by(More)