Nancy J. Ringler

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Vibrio cholera toxin and the heat-labile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli have been shown to differ somewhat in their ligand specificity and in the antigenicity of their binding sites. Therefore, the components of the oligosaccharide portion of GM1 bound by cholera toxin and the heat-labile enterotoxin of E. coli were identified by determining the(More)
Preincubation of botulinum neurotoxin serotype A, B, or E with ganglioside GT1b was previously found to enhance adherence of botulinum neurotoxin to synapsin I and an approximately 116-kDa bovine brain synaptosomal protein; in contrast, adherence to these two proteins by tetanus neurotoxin required preincubation with GT1b. We have now found that(More)
A high-density mucin glycoprotein was isolated from human tracheobronchial secretions substantially free of contaminating protein, low-density glycoprotein, proteolytic enzymes, and lipid. A closely associated 65-kDa protein was discovered while investigating the effect of 2-mercaptoethanol treatment on the purified mucin glycoprotein. It has been(More)
Tetanus toxin (TTx) and botulinum toxin serotype A (BTxA), preincubated with trisialoganglioside GT1b, adhere to proteins present on blots of bovine synaptosomal proteins. Differential solubilization and ammonium sulfate fractionation provided material enriched in two proteins that appeared to be adhered to most strongly by the labeled neurotoxins. After(More)
Following several model experiments, conditions were developed for optimal deglycosylation of tracheal mucin glycoproteins. Exposure of rigorously dried material to trifluoromethanesulfonic acid at 0 degree C for up to 8 h results in cleavage of essentially all fucose, galactose, and N-acetylglucosamine, about 80% of the N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuNAc),(More)
The ability of fragments derived from botulinum neurotoxin (BTx) serotype A to bind to GT1b-coated plastic wells was investigated and compared with the binding characteristics of the parent approximately 150-kDa protein. Although the approximately 50-kDa light chain of BTxA had a marginal binding capacity, the predominant adherence to GT1b-coated wells was(More)
The ability of 125I-labeled botulinum type A and tetanus neurotoxins to adhere to blots of synaptosomal proteins separated by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was studied. Both neurotoxins appeared to adhere preferentially to an approximately 80 kDa and to a lesser extent to an approximately 116 kDa protein(s). Adherence of the neurotoxins to these(More)
A widely employed colorimetric assay for sialic acids based on periodate oxidation followed by reaction with thiobarbituric acid depends on the formation of a hexos-5-uluronic acid product, the pre-chromogen, by the periodate cleavage of the C6-C7, C7-C8, and C8-C9 bonds in free sialic acid. Glycosidically bound sialic acids are not expected to react in the(More)
Experiments with Escherichia coli BUG6, a temperature-sensitive cell division mutant, have shown that at the restrictive temperature (42 degrees C) the loss of cell division potential (filamentation) was accompanied by an unusual increase in intracellular cyclic GMP (cGMP). At the permissive temperature (30 degrees C), cell division proceeded normally, and(More)
Vibrio cholera toxin and the heat-labile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli have been shown to differ somewhat in their ligand specificity and in the antigenicity of their binding sites. Therefore, the components of the oligosaccharide portion of GMl bound by cholera toxin and the heat-labile enterotoxin of E. coli were identified by determining the(More)