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The voltage-gated sodium channel is the site of action of more than six classes of neurotoxins and drugs that alter its function by interaction with distinct, allosterically coupled receptor sites. Batrachotoxin (BTX) is a steroidal alkaloid that binds to neurotoxin receptor site 2 and causes persistent activation. BTX binding is inhibited allosterically by(More)
Organisms perceive changes in their dietary environment and enact a suite of behavioral and metabolic adaptations that can impact motivational behavior, disease resistance, and longevity. However, the precise nature and mechanism of these dietary responses is not known. We have uncovered a novel link between dietary factors and sleep behavior in Drosophila(More)
To determine the role of reactive oxygen species in mammalian longevity, we generated transgenic mice that overexpress human catalase localized to the peroxisome, the nucleus, or mitochondria (MCAT). Median and maximum life spans were maximally increased (averages of 5 months and 5.5 months, respectively) in MCAT animals. Cardiac pathology and cataract(More)
Evidence showing the ectopic re-expression of cell cycle-related proteins in specific vulnerable neuronal populations in Alzheimer disease led us to formulate the hypothesis that neurodegeneration, like cancer, is a disease of inappropriate cell cycle control. To test this notion, we used adenoviral-mediated expression of c-myc and ras oncogenes to drive(More)
BACKGROUND There are currently many different methods for processing and summarizing probe-level data from Affymetrix oligonucleotide arrays. It is of great interest to validate these methods and identify those that are most effective. There is no single best way to do this validation, and a variety of approaches is needed. Moreover, gene expression data(More)
Sustained caloric restriction (CR) extends lifespan in animal models but the mechanism and primary tissue target(s) have not been identified. Gene expression changes with aging and CR were examined in both heart and white adipose tissue (WAT) of Fischer 344 (F344) male rats using Affymetrix RAE 230 arrays and validated by quantitative reverse(More)
Estrogenic compounds have been shown to protect neurons from a variety of toxic stimuli in vitro and in vivo and depletion of estrogen at menopause has been associated with increased risk of neurodegenerative diseases. Genistein is an isoflavone soy derivative that binds to estrogen receptors with selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) properties.(More)
A critical requirement for research using model organisms is a well-defined and consistent diet. There is currently no complete chemically defined (holidic) diet available for Drosophila melanogaster. We describe a holidic medium that is equal in performance to an oligidic diet optimized for adult fecundity and lifespan. This holidic diet supports(More)
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a disease with high mortality for which chronic pancreatitis confers a markedly increased risk. We hypothesize that chromosome instability and genomic damage occur in pre-neoplastic pancreatic ductal epithelium, and that this damage may be related to oxidative stress. We used dual-color fluorescence in situ hybridization with(More)
For nearly all life forms, perceptual systems provide access to a host of environmental cues, including the availability of food and mates as well as the presence of disease and predators. Presumably, individuals use this information to assess the current and future states of the environment and to enact appropriate developmental, behavioral, and regulatory(More)