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It is commonly assumed that the visual resolution limit must be equal to or less than the Nyquist frequency of the cone mosaic. However, under some conditions, observers can see fine patterns at the correct orientation when viewing interference fringes with spatial frequencies that are as much as about 1.5 times higher than the nominal Nyquist frequency of(More)
An observer's ability to discriminate the angular direction of a moving grating depends on the grating orientation. Observers can more accurately judge the angular direction of vertical or horizontal gratings than oblique gratings. We discovered that this oblique effect becomes very large at high spatial frequencies in the parafovea. Perceived direction was(More)
In the extrafoveal retina, interference fringes at spatial frequencies higher than the resolution limit look like two-dimensional spatial noise, the origin of which has not been firmly established. We show that over a limited range of high spatial frequencies this noise takes on a striated appearance, with the striations running perpendicular to the true(More)
This paper describes evidence for spatial aliasing in human motion perception. For a certain range of spatial frequencies, interference fringes drifting across the extrafoveal retina resemble two-dimensional spatial noise drifting in the opposite direction. For retinal locations within 10 deg of the fovea, the perceived direction of motion is veridical up(More)
There is considerable evidence in the literature that rod-cone interaction occurs when both rods and cones simultaneously detect a test target. More recent evidence, however, has shown a parafoveal rod-cone interaction during dark adaptation for a purely cone-detected flickering test stimulus; this influence on cone threshold appears to be mediated by(More)
Over a large range of light adaptation levels, sensitivity to 25 Hz flicker improves as the light level of the background increases. Using small background discs and annular surrounds, this effect was shown to be mediated by the surround and not the average luminance of the test region, in agreement with recent reports. The effect is due to two types of(More)
Motion reversal effects (the apparent reversal of the direction of motion of a high frequency sinusoidal grating) have been attributed to aliasing by the cone mosaic [Coletta et al. (1990). Vision Research, 30, 1631-1648] and postreceptoral layers [Anderson & Hess (1990). Vision Research, 30, 1507-1515] in human observers. We present data and a new model(More)
The aim was to determine how visual acuity is affected by myopia when optical factors of the eye are controlled. Grating acuity was measured with interference fringes to avoid the effects of aberrations, and ocular biometry was used to compensate for differences in retinal image size among subjects. Distance spectacle refractions ranged from +2.25 to -14.75(More)
PURPOSE The chicken, Gallus gallus domesticus, is used as an animal model to study the development of refractive error. Although vision is important in determining the eye's refractive state, relatively little is known about the retinal image quality of the chicken eye. An objective double-pass technique was used to measure the optical quality of the eyes(More)
Optical properties of the eye contribute to the reduced visibility of spatial patterns at low luminance. To study the limits of spatial vision when optical factors are minimized, we measured contrast-sensitivity functions (CSF's) for 543.5-nm laser interference fringes imaged directly on the retina. Measurements were made in the fovea at four luminance(More)