Nancy H . Augustine

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Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by antibody deficiency, poor humoral response to antigens, and recurrent infections. To investigate the molecular cause of CVID, we carried out exome sequence analysis of a family diagnosed with CVID and identified a heterozygous frameshift mutation, c.2564delA(More)
High-resolution melting analysis was applied to X-linked chronic granulomatous disease, a rare disorder resulting from mutations in CYBB. Melting curves of the 13 PCR products bracketing CYBB exons were predicted by Poland's algorithm and compared with observed curves from 96 normal individuals. Primer plates were prepared robotically in batches and dried,(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to determine whether cultured human decidual cells produce chemokines in response to different strains of group B streptococci and purified bacterial cell wall components. STUDY DESIGN Human decidual cells were cultured from term placentas by standard techniques. Different strains of group B streptococci were isolated from(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with the hyperimmunoglobulinemia E (hyper-IgE) syndrome are reported to have defective production of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma). Because IFN-gamma is a major activator of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs), this could result in defective PMN chemotaxis and markedly elevated IgE levels because of the unopposed action of interleukin(More)
BACKGROUND Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterized by late-onset hypogammaglobulinemia in the absence of predisposing factors. The genetic cause is unknown in the majority of cases, and less than 10% of patients have a family history of the disease. Most patients have normal numbers of B cells but lack plasma cells. METHODS We used(More)
Combined immunodeficiency (CID) presents a unique challenge to clinicians. Two patients presented with the prior clinical diagnosis of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) disorder marked by an early age of presentation, opportunistic infections, and persistent lymphopenia. Due to the presence of atypical clinical features, next generation sequencing was(More)
In an attempt to determine the mechanism of the profound defect in chemotaxis observed in the neutrophils of human neonates, we have examined the generation of polymerized or filamentous actin (F actin) following stimulation of the cells with chemotactic factors. We have also examined the changes in the intracellular levels of free calcium in neonatal(More)
We have investigated the opsonic and protective effects of fibronectin (FN) against type III group B streptococci. When used by itself, the FN failed to promote actual internalization of group B organisms. The addition of FN to group B streptococci that had been preopsonized in an immunoglobulin preparation modified for intravenous use ( IgIV ) or a(More)
Human neonates are uniquely susceptible to group B streptococcal (GBS) infections. We have shown that neonatal mixed mononuclear cells have a deficiency in the production of the T helper-1 (Th-1) cytokine, interferon gamma (IFN-γ), and that incubation of neonatal neutrophils with recombinant IFN-γ corrects these neutrophil defects. IL-12 and the more(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) has been implicated as one of the major mediators of the gram-negative septic shock syndrome. In our studies, group B streptococci (GBS) induced the production of TNF alpha by human mononuclear cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Human mixed mononuclear cell cultures exposed to an encapsulated (657.6 +/- 71.3(More)