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Insight into the organization of the basal ganglia in the normal, parkinsonian and L-dopa-induced dyskinesia states is critical for the development of newer and more effective therapies for Parkinson's disease. We believe that the basal ganglia can no longer be thought of as a unidirectional linear system that transfers information based solely on a(More)
The present study describes the thalamic innervation coming from the rat parafascicular nucleus (PF) onto striatal and subthalamic efferent neurons projecting either to the globus pallidus (GP) or to the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) by using a protocol for multiple neuroanatomical tracing. Both striatofugal neurons targeting the ipsilateral SNr(More)
Experimental neuroanatomical tracing methods lie at the basis of the study of the nervous system. When the scientific question is relatively straightforward, it may be sufficient to derive satisfactory answers from experiments in which a single neuroanatomical tracing method is applied. In various scientific paradigms however, for instance when the degree(More)
The present study analyses the anatomical arrangement of the projections linking the Wistar rat parafascicular thalamic nucleus (PF) and basal ganglia structures, such as the striatum and the subthalamic nucleus (STN), by using neuroanatomical tract-tracing techniques. Both the thalamostriatal and the striato-entopeduncular projections were topographically(More)
To investigate the relationship between antimicrobial use and resistance in our hospital, we collected antimicrobial susceptibility and use data from existing microbiology laboratory and pharmacy databases for the period July 1st, 1991-December 31, 1998. The data was analyzed as time series and autoregressive integrated moving average (Box-Jenkins) and(More)
The situation of the caudal intralaminar thalamic nuclei within basal ganglia circuits has gained increased attention over the past few years. Although initially considered as a "non-specific" thalamic nuclei, tract-tracing studies carried out over the past two decades have demonstrated that the centromedian-parafascicular thalamic complex (CM-Pf) is(More)
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has revolutionized intracoronary imaging. The unprecedented spatial resolution of this technique (15 μm) provides unique insights on the microstructure of the coronary wall. Currently, OCT is increasingly used in clinical practice and also constitutes an emerging, highly robust, research tool. OCT allows detailed(More)
We describe here an experimental approach designed to aid in the identification of complex brain circuits within the rat corpus striatum. Our aim was to characterize in a single section (i) striatal thalamic afferents, (ii) striatopallidal projection neurons and (iii) striatal local circuit interneurons. To this end, we have combined anterograde tracing(More)
BACKGROUND References about isolation of strains of Salmonella typhi multiply resistant to antimicrobials and native from Spain are very scant. We describe here two cases of typhoid fever produced by two identical strains of Salmonella typhi. Both strains are multiresistant and autochthonous, judging from epidemiological investigations. METHOD(More)