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OBJECTIVE Increasing numbers of children in the United States (ie, approximately 200 children per 100,000 population) require intensive care annually, because of advances in pediatric therapeutic techniques and a changing spectrum of pediatric disease. These children are especially vulnerable to a multitude of short- and long-term negative emotional,(More)
Focus groups can be used to gather rich, detailed descriptions of shared individual experiences and beliefs. Group process enhances the richness of the data obtained via this method. Nurses are skilled in gathering detailed and often sensitive information and applying therapeutic communication and interviewing techniques within groups. They can take(More)
OBJECTIVE Although low birth weight premature infants and parents are at high risk for adverse health outcomes, there is a paucity of studies that test early NICU interventions with parents to prevent the development of negative parent-infant interaction trajectories and to reduce hospital length of stay. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of an(More)
UNLABELLED The paradigm shift to evidence-based practice (EBP) in the United States has been slow. Evidence has supported that one barrier to accelerating this paradigm shift is that many nurses have negative attitudes toward research, in large part due to the manner in which they were taught research in their educational programs. The primary aims of this(More)
The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a parent-focused intervention program (COPE) on infant cognitive development and maternal coping. A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 42 mothers of low-birth-weight (LBW) premature infants hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), with follow-up at 3 months' and 6(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether maternal anxiety and mothers' participation in their children's care during hospitalization mediated the effects of a child behavior informational intervention for mothers on their children's posthospital negative behavioral change. Participants were 49 mothers and their young children, ages 24-68 months,(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the processes through which interventions work for mothers of premature infants is necessary for the advancement of science and the translation of efficacious interventions into clinical practice settings. OBJECTIVE To test a theoretical model examining the processes through which an educational-behavioral intervention program(More)
Estimates indicate that approximately 31% of children are affected by one or more chronic illnesses. Furthermore, caring for a chronically ill child imposes a host of long-term stressors for parents that need to be addressed by sensitive, evidence-based interventions. This article will: (a) review stressors of childhood chronic illness for parents over(More)
INTRODUCTION To reduce the escalating rate of mental health/psychosocial morbidities in children and adolescents, NAPNAP initiated a new national campaign entitled Keep your children/yourself Safe and Secure (KySS). The objective of the first phase of this campaign was to conduct a national survey to assess the mental health knowledge, attitudes, worries,(More)