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An association between inclement weather and hip fractures has been documented, but specific subgroups of the population at particular risk have not been identified. We obtained information that included hospitalization data on all hip fractures in Montreal from 1982 to 1992, and meteorologic data on the amount of snow, rain, and freezing rain and the(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the extent of activity and participation of individuals 6 months poststroke and their influence on health-related quality of life (QOL) and overall QOL, information that would be useful in identifying services that stroke patients would need in the community. DESIGN Inception cohort study. SETTING Ten acute care hospitals in(More)
BACKGROUND 'Prehabilitation' is an intervention to enhance functional capacity in anticipation of a forthcoming physiological stressor. In patients scheduled for colorectal surgery, the extent to which a structured prehabilitation regimen of stationary cycling and strengthening optimized recovery of functional walking capacity after surgery was compared(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal surgery represents a physiologic stress and is associated with a period of recovery during which functional capacity is often diminished. "Prehabilitation" is a program to increase functional capacity in anticipation of an upcoming stressor. We reported recently the results of a randomized trial comparing 2 prehabilitation programs(More)
PURPOSE Stroke is the most disabling chronic condition, newly affecting 35000 persons in Canada each year. Because of declining fatality, a growing number of persons will have to cope with stroke-related disability. The purpose of this paper is to describe the disabilities experienced by persons with stroke during the first year and explore the evolution of(More)
This study evaluates stroke patients with upper-limb (UL) motor deficits using measures of impairment and "activity limitation" to quantify recovery of UL function poststroke and to identify predictors of UL function and predictors of UL recovery following stroke. The study also compares the recovery of UL function with that of the lower limb (LL). Measures(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide evidence for construct and longitudinal validity of the six-minute walk test (6MWT) as a measure of postsurgical recovery. DESIGN Data from a randomized clinical trial. SETTING A major teaching hospital in a Canadian urban city. PARTICIPANTS Patients (N=63) undergoing elective colon resection. INTERVENTIONS Not applicable. (More)
OBJECTIVES To identify the most responsive method of measuring gait speed, to estimate the responsiveness of other outcome measures, and to determine whether gait speed predicts discharge destination in acute stroke. DESIGN A prospective cohort study. SETTING Five acute-care hospitals. PATIENTS Fifty subjects with residual gait deficits after a(More)
The sensitivity of using physician claims data for injury ascertainment was examined in a cohort of 1,181 elderly who were treated in the emergency department of one of 10 hospitals for injuries in 1993-1994. The clinical record of the type and date of injury was compared with diagnostic and procedure codes in the Quebec health insurance agency records of(More)
BACKGROUND Enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) aim to improve patient recovery. However, validated outcome measures to evaluate this complex process are lacking. The objective of this review was to identify how recovery is measured in ERP studies and to provide recommendations for the design of future studies. METHODS A systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase(More)