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Isolated perfused rat hearts were used to study the effects of metabolic acidosis on energy metabolism. Hearts perfused with different substrates (glucose, pyruvate, and succinate) were subjected to metabolic acidosis. With all substrates, there were comparable decrements in oxygen consumption (approximately 35%), cardiac function (decrease in first(More)
Broncho-alveolar lavage fluid was obtained from a 24-year-old man who developed the adult respiratory distress syndrome one day after massive trauma and hemorrhagic shock. The lungs were available 3 days later when organ transplantation was performed. When the various fractions of the lavage material obtained by centrifugation, including the purified(More)
Impairment of cardiac contractile function is an important component of acetate associated hypotension during hemodialysis treatments. We examined the effect of acetate on cardiac energy metabolism using the isovolumic isolated perfused heart model. In this preparation, acetate (10 M) caused decreases in tissue ATP concentrations (12.3 +/- 0.8 vs. 15.6 +/-(More)
The (83)Kr magnetic resonance (MR) relaxation time T(1) of krypton gas in contact with model surfaces was previously found to be highly sensitive to surface composition, surface-to-volume ratio, and surface temperature. The work presented here explored aspects of pulmonary (83)Kr T(1) relaxation measurements in excised lungs from healthy rats using(More)
BACKGROUND Glutamine (GLN) attenuates acute lung injury (ALI) but its effect on alveolar macrophages is unknown. We hypothesized that GLN pretreatment would induce the anti-inflammatory CD163/heme oxygenase (HO)-1/p38-MAPK dephosphorylation pathway in alveolar macrophages and reduce ALI in rats insufflated with interleukin-1 (IL-1) and lipopolysaccharide(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI) is characterized by increased alveolar cytokines, inflammatory cell infiltration, oxidative stress, and alveolar cell apoptosis. Previous work suggested that xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) may contribute to oxidative stress in ALI as a product of the vascular endothelial cell. We present evidence that cytokine induced lung(More)
The protective effects of pharmacological inhibitors of xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) have implicated XOR in many inflammatory diseases. Nonetheless, the role played by XOR during inflammation is poorly understood. We previously observed that inhibition of XOR within the inflammatory mononuclear phagocytes (MNP) prevented neutrophil recruitment during(More)
The effects of adding Carbicarb--a 50:50 mixture of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) and sodium carbonate (Na2CO3)--or sodium bicarbonate or disodium carbonate individually to whole blood were examined in vitro. Adding HCl to blood in an open system rapidly decreased the pH and [HCO3-] without increasing partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO2), whereas adding(More)
Hyperpolarized (hp) (83)Kr (spin I=9/2) is a promising gas-phase contrast agent that displays sensitivity to the surface chemistry, surface-to-volume ratio, and surface temperature of the surrounding environment. This proof-of-principle study demonstrates the feasibility of ex vivo hp (83)Kr magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of lungs using natural abundance(More)