Nancy C Sambol

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This study was conducted to assess the effect of noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and gender on the pharmacokinetics of metformin and to investigate whether or not metformin exhibits dose-dependent pharmacokinetics. The pharmacodynamic effects (on plasma glucose and insulin) of metformin in patients with NIDDM and in healthy subjects also were(More)
BACKGROUND Morbidly obese patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery are at risk for postoperative venous thromboembolism. Evidence-based recommendations regarding the dosing and duration of thromboprophylaxis are lacking for morbidly obese surgical patients. The aims of this study were to evaluate the safety and efficacy of an extended duration, body mass(More)
Nicardipine hydrochloride was administered intravenously to two groups of hypertensive patients: one group of 37 patients with mild to moderate hypertension and one group of 20 patients with severe hypertension. In the first group, doses of 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 mg/hr, as well as placebo, were infused for 48 hours in a double-blind fashion. Blood pressure and(More)
The effects of renal impairment and age on the pharmacokinetics of metformin were evaluated. The subjects, including 6 young, 12 elderly, and 3 middle-age healthy adults and 15 adults with various degrees of chronic renal impairment (CRI) each were given a single, 850-mg metformin HCl tablet. Multiple whole blood, plasma, and urine samples were collected(More)
The influence of the choice of pharmacokinetic model on subsequent determination of covariate relationships in population pharmacokinetic analysis was studied using both simulated and real data sets. Simulations and data analysis were both performed with the program NONMEM. Data were simulated using a two-compartment model, but at late sample times, so that(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to compare the pharmacokinetics of levonorgestrel, a drug used for emergency contraception between female adolescents and adults. METHODS Twenty-two female subjects, aged 13-16 years, received a single 0.75-mg dose of the drug. Serial blood samples were collected for 72 h and used to measure plasma levonorgestrel(More)
Premarketing dose-ranging studies of a drug are done to establish a reasonable initial dose. According to the current procedure sanctioned by the Food and Drug Administration, each patient is given one of several possible doses, including placebo, after an initial placebo run-in period. Data analysis is based on a model in which the mean response at each(More)
The pharmacokinetics of four single-dose treatments of the metformin administered orally (as the HCl salt) were compared in 24 healthy subjects: 500 mg and 850 mg tablets and 850 mg solution fasting and 850 mg tablet with food. Solution and tablet formulations are bioequivalent. Bioavailability of a 500 mg tablet is 14% greater than that of an 850 mg(More)
Preclinical studies have suggested that synergistic antitumor toxicity occurs when methotrexate (MTX) is administered prior to 5-fluorouracil (FUra). A protocol of sequenced, overlapping infusions of MTX and FUra was designed to achieve 5 microM MTX serum levels lasting 36 h and 1 to 5 microM FUra levels lasting 24 h, with leucovorin started at the end of(More)
Data from analgesic clinical trials have characteristics such as ordered categorical longitudinal responses with repeated measures, delay of effect with respect to analgesic plasma concentration, and right-hand censoring of response due to remedication. In order to determine the concentration-effect relationship of such data, we propose convolving an(More)