Nancy Ann Rudd

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In the recent era, no congenital heart defect has undergone a more dramatic change in diagnostic approach, management, and outcomes than hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). During this time, survival to the age of 5 years (including Fontan) has ranged from 50% to 69%, but current expectations are that 70% of newborns born today with HLHS may reach(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether early identification of physiologic variances associated with interstage death would reduce mortality, we developed a home surveillance program. METHODS Patients discharged before initiation of home surveillance (group A, n = 63) were compared with patients discharged with an infant scale and pulse oximeter (group B, n =(More)
Six Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) patients with normal karyotypes and their parents were analyzed to determine the nature of the molecular aberrations present in the proximal region of 15q and to determine the parental origin of the aberrant chromosome 15. In addition, the likehood that uniparental disomy plays a significant role in the etiology of PWS(More)
OBJECTIVES Achieving adequate growth after stage 1 palliation for children with single-ventricle heart defects often requires supplemental nutrition through enteral tubes. Significant practice variability exists between centers in the choice of feeding tube. The impact of feeding modality on the growth of patients with a single ventricle after stage 1(More)
OBJECTIVE Explore the feasibility, usefulness, and outcomes of a pilot program to support mothers in developing competencies for managing health problems of their very low birth-weight (VLBW) infants in partnership with the primary care clinician (PCC). DESIGN In a randomized study, mothers who received guided participation (GP) and printed guidelines for(More)
After stage 1 palliation (S1P) with a Norwood operation, infants commonly experience growth failure during the initial interstage period. Growth failure during this high-risk period is associated with worse outcomes. This study evaluated the growth patterns of patients enrolled in the authors’ interstage home-monitoring program (HMP), which uses a(More)
OBJECTIVE Infants who undergo Norwood stage 1 palliation (S1P) continue with high-risk circulation until stage 2 palliation (S2P). Routine care during the interstage period is associated with 10% to 20% mortality. This report illustrates the sustained reduction of interstage mortality over 10 years associated with use of home monitoring. METHODS Daily(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess variation in feeding practice at hospital discharge after the Norwood procedure, factors associated with tube feeding, and associations among site, feeding mode, and growth before stage II. STUDY DESIGN From May 2005 to July 2008, 555 subjects from 15 centers were enrolled in the Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction(More)
BACKGROUND It is becoming increasingly recognized that manifestations of congenital heart disease (CHD) extend beyond the cardiovascular system. The factors contributing to renal dysfunction in patients with CHD are multifactorial, with acute kidney injury (AKI) at time of cardiac surgery playing a major role. AKI is often diagnosed based on changes in(More)