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INFLUENCE ABSTRACT.. Theorists have argued that facial expressions of emotion serve the inter-personal function of allowing one animal to predict another's behavior. Humans may extend these predictions into the indefinite future, as in the case of trait inference. The hypothesis that facial expressions of emotion (e.g., anger, disgust, fear, happiness, and(More)
While recognizing the theoretical importance of context, current research has treated naming as though semantic meaning were invariant and the same mapping of category exemplars and names should exist across experimental contexts. An assumed symmetry or bidirectionality in naming behavior has been implicit in the interchangeable use of tasks that ask(More)
The accepted model of color naming postulates that 11 “basic” color terms representing 11 common perceptual experiences show increased processing salience due to a theorized linkage between perception, visual neurophysiology, and cognition. We tested this theory, originally proposed by Berlin and Kay in 1969. Experiment 1 tested salience by comparing(More)
Component theory (C. Smith & H. Scott, 1997) predicts that presence of component movements (action units) alters the decoded meaning of a basic emotional expression. We tested whether the meaning of the basic expression of anger varied when different components were present in the expression. Participants were asked to label variants of anger from Ekman and(More)
Performance metrics for machine intelligence (e.g., the Turing test) have traditionally consisted of pass/fail tests. Because the tests devised by psychologists have been aimed at revealing unobservable processes of human cognition, they are similarly capable of revealing how a computer accomplishes a task, not simply its success or failure. Here we propose(More)
This paper describes preliminary results of research on the perception and usability of interfaces projected onto real-world objects. Using a projector setup that enables us to compare users' color preferences, we show that the objects onto which colors are projected influence a user's choices. We also observe that many users are unable to recall and/or(More)
Recent empirical findings show strong similarity in the structure of emotion space across highly diverse cultures. Previous researchers believe this demonstrates shared conceptual understanding of emotion. However, similarity may emerge from sources such as similar language structure operated upon by pan-human categorization processes. Thus, existence of a(More)
Our position related to 'Anchoring Symbols to Sensor Data in Single and Multiple Robot Systems' is threefold. First, that conscious awareness of experience in humans is bootstrapped from sensory/motor interactions within the first 12 months following conception. Second, that human developmental physiology indicates the appropriate behavioral metalevel to(More)
Autonomic Computing Systems (ACS) are envisioned to function with the robustness of self-regulating biological systems. They are self organizing, self configuring, self optimizing, self healing, self protecting, aware of both themselves and their environment, and capable of adapting to circumstances unknown to their designers while they continue to deliver(More)