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Despite significant advances in diagnosis and treatment, the persistence of inadequate metabolic control continues. Poor glycemic control may be reflected by both the failure of diabetes self-management by patients as well as inadequate intervention strategies by clinicians. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize existing knowledge regarding(More)
  • N A Stotts
  • 1988
The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether a modified Norton scale at admission to the hospital would predict which patients would develop pressure ulcers when hospitalized for surgery for a period of up to 3 weeks. The sample was composed of 387 adult patients admitted for elective cardiovascular surgery or neurosurgery. By regression(More)
Measuring progress toward healing is fundamental to the management of pressure ulcers. A method to assess progress of an individual ulcer over time is lacking. Given the limitations of currently available instruments and the need for a precise and practical method of monitoring healing in clinical practice, the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel(More)
Constipation is a common problem and affects between 2% and 28% of the general population. It is thought to affect more women than men. The severity of constipation is variable and it can be an acute or chronic condition. Often, it requires frequent interventions that may produce mixed or even unsatisfactory results. Knowledge of potentially gender- and(More)
To identify predictors of physical activity levels in patients with chronic heart failure, 43 patients, aged 33 to 91 years, who had well-compensated heart failure were asked to perform a symptom-limited exercise treadmill test and to complete activity logs for 2 consecutive days while wearing an ambulatory heart rate activity monitor. Activity logs(More)
Both gastric and duodenal feeding tubes are used to provide enteral nutrition. Most studies comparing the two methods have focused primarily on rates of complications, rather than on nutritional outcomes, and show no difference in complications between the two methods. It is not clear which feeding route provides the best nutritional outcomes. The primary(More)
BACKGROUND Wound care (WC) is an important part of treatment for hospitalized patients with wounds. There is a paucity of data about the type or amount of pain patients experience during WC. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to describe patients' (n = 412) WC-related pain perceptions and responses, examine the relationships between patients' WC pain(More)
In the critically ill patient, wound repair can be impeded by processes inherent to the illness, its treatment, and the critical care environment. This vulnerability to wound complications increases patient morbidity and mortality as well as length of stay, resource consumption, and hospital cost. The physiology of wound healing and factors that impede(More)