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The National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) maintains a registry of approximately 4 million volunteer unrelated donors for patients in need of a stem cell transplant. When several comparably HLA-matched volunteers are identified for a patient, various criteria are used to select a donor. A retrospective analysis of 6978 bone marrow transplantations facilitated(More)
BACKGROUND Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) reduces the efficacy of unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation in patients with lymphohaemopoietic malignancy. A multi-centre, randomised trial was undertaken to determine the effects of ex-vivo T-cell depletion versus methotrexate and cyclosporine immunosuppression on 3-year disease-free survival. METHODS(More)
The efficacy and toxicity of donor leukocyte infusions (DLI) after unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is largely unknown. We identified 58 recipients of unrelated DLI (UDLI) for the treatment of relapsed disease from the National Marrow Donor Program database. A retrospective analysis was performed to determine response, toxicity, and(More)
Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation is limited by the availability of suitable marrow donors and risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and opportunistic infection. In an attempt to ameliorate these limitations, umbilical cord blood has been postulated as an alternative source of allogeneic haemopoietic stem cells for transplantation. From September,(More)
Outcomes of unrelated donor cord blood transplantation in 191 hematologic malignancy children (median age, 7.7 years; median weight, 25.9 kg) enrolled between 1999 and 2003 were studied (median follow-up, 27.4 months) in a prospective phase 2 multicenter trial. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching at enrollment was 6/6 (n = 17), 5/6 (n = 58), 4/6 (n =(More)
We analyzed engraftment of unrelated-donor (URD) bone marrow in 5246 patients who received transplants facilitated by the National Marrow Donor Program between August 1991 and June 1999. Among patients surviving at least 28 days, 4% had primary graft failure (failure to achieve an absolute neutrophil count > 5 x 10(8)/L before death or second stem-cell(More)
Daclizumab, a humanized monoclonal IgG1 directed against the alpha chain of the interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R), is a competitive inhibitor of IL-2 on activated lymphocytes. To test the hypothesis that specific inhibition of activated lymphocytes in patients with ongoing acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) might ameliorate the process, we treated 43(More)
Primate bone marrow cells were infected with a retroviral vector carrying the genes for human adenosine deaminase (h-ADA) and bacterial neomycin resistance (neor). The infected cells were infused back into the lethally irradiated donor animals. Several monkeys fully reconstituted and were shown to express the h-ADA and neor genes at low levels in their(More)
Thirty-one consecutive patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) in first complete remission and 8 with AML in second complete remission received T cell-depleted allogeneic bone marrow transplants from HLA-identical sibling donors. Patients received myeloablative cytoreduction consisting of hyperfractionated total body irradiation, thiotepa, and(More)
We investigated the unit characteristics associated with engraftment after double-unit cord blood (CB) transplantation (dCBT) and whether these could be reliably identified during unit selection. Cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment in 129 myeloablative dCBT recipients was 95% (95% confidence interval: 90-98%). When precryopreservation(More)