Nan-horng Lin

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Recent genetic experiments have suggested that tat transactivation of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) long terminal repeat requires functional upstream enhancer sequences--Sp1 sites, in particular. In these experiments, HeLa cell nuclear extracts were passed over affinity matrices containing chemically synthesized or bacterially expressed(More)
ABT-089 [2-methyl-3-(2-(S)-pyrrolidinylmethoxy)pyridine dihydrochloride], a novel ligand at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors with reduced adverse effects and improved oral bioavailability relative to (-)-nicotine, was tested in a variety of cognitive tests in rats and monkeys. Administered acutely, ABT-089 only marginally improved the spatial(More)
Accumulating preclinical and clinical evidence data suggests that compounds that selectively activate neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes may have therapeutic utility for the treatment of several neurological disorders. In the present study, the in vitro pharmacological properties of the novel cholinergic channel modulator ABT-089(More)
ABT-089 [2-methyl-3-(2-(S)-pyrrolidinylmethoxy)pyridine dihydrochloride salt] is a selective neuronal nicotinic receptor (NNR) modulator with cognitive enhancing properties in animal models of cognitive functioning. Amongst NNR subtypes, ABT-089 shows selectivity for the cytisine binding site on the alpha4beta2 receptor subtype as compared to the(More)
Recent evidence indicating the therapeutic potential of cholinergic channel modulators for the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) disorders as well as the diversity of brain neuronal nicotine acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have suggested an opportunity to develop subtype-selective nAChR ligands for the treatment of specific CNS disorders with(More)
Ras mutation has been detected in approximately 20-30% of all human carcinomas, primarily in pancreatic, colorectal, lung and bladder carcinomas. The indirect inhibition of Ras activity by inhibiting farnesyltransferase (FTase) function is one therapeutic intervention to control tumor growth. Here we report the preclinical anti-tumor activity of our most(More)
Chemo- and radiotherapies that target DNA are the mainstay of cancer treatment. In response to DNA damage, cells are arrested in multiple checkpoints in the cell cycle to allow the damaged DNA to be repaired before progressing into mitosis. Normal cells are arrested in the G1 phase mediated by the p53 tumor suppressor, and p53-deficient cancer cells are(More)
Chk1 is the major mediator of cell-cycle checkpoints in response to various forms of genotoxic stress. Although it was previously speculated that checkpoint abrogation due to Chk1 inhibition may potentiate the efficacy of DNA-damaging agents through induction of mitotic catastrophe, there has not been direct evidence proving this process. Here, through both(More)
Based on the crystallographic analysis of a urea-checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1) complex and molecular modeling, a class of macrocyclic Chk1 inhibitors were designed and their biological activities were evaluated. An efficient synthetic methodology for macrocyclic ureas was developed with Grubbs metathesis macrocyclization as the key step. The structure-activity(More)
Ligands which activate neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) represent a potential approach for the palliative treatment for the symptoms of memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Based upon this approach, a series of novel 3,5-disubstituted isoxazoles and isothiazoles were prepared and evaluated in vitro as cholinergic channel(More)