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Gardenamide A (GA) is a stable genipin derivative with neuroprotective properties. It rescued pheochromocytoma cell (PC12) sympathetic cultures and retinal neuronal cells from apoptosis insult induced by serum deprivation. GA attenuated the accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. Western(More)
Antidepressants could exert neuroprotective effects against various insults and the antidepressant-like effect may result from its neuroprotective effects. The phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B/Forkhead box O3 (PI3K/Akt/FoxO3a) pathway is a key signaling pathway in mediating cell survival. However, no information is available regarding the(More)
BACKGROUND Efforts aiming at identifying biomarkers and corresponding methods for early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) might be the most appropriate strategy to initiate promising new treatments and/or prevention of AD OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to assess the association of DNA methylation pattern of various leucocyte genes with AD(More)
FDG-PET and SPECT studies suggest that hypometabolism and hypoperfusion in occipital lobe and posterior cingulate gyrus (PCG) are prominent features of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), respectively. Cerebral blood flow and glucose metabolism are tightly linked to brain energy metabolism. 1H-MRS is a useful tool to directly(More)
Chemical burns take up a high proportion of burns admissions and can penetrate deep into tissues. Various reagents have been applied in the treatment of skin chemical burns; however, no optimal reagent for skin chemical burns currently exists. The present study investigated the effect of topical body protective compound (BPC)-157 treatment on skin wound(More)
Visual saliency is an important cue in human visual system to detect salient objects in natural scenes. It has attracted a lot of research focus in computer vision, and has been widely used in many applications including image retrieval, object recognition, image segmentation, and etc. However, the accuracy of salient object detection model remains a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the characteristics of blood lipids, insulin metabolism, and paraoxonase-2-311 (PON2-311) polymorphism among patients with Alzheimer's disease with different types of dementia. METHODS A total of 84 patients with Alzheimer's disease, according to the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke, and(More)
The overlapping clinical features of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) make differentiation difficult in the clinical environment. Evaluating the CSF levels of biomarkers in AD and DLB patients could facilitate clinical diagnosis. CSF Visinin-like protein-1 (VILIP-1), a calcium-mediated neuronal injury biomarker, has been(More)