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Over the last decade, the introduction of microarray technology has had a profound impact on gene expression research. The publication of studies with dissimilar or altogether contradictory results, obtained using different microarray platforms to analyze identical RNA samples, has raised concerns about the reliability of this technology. The MicroArray(More)
To validate and extend the findings of the MicroArray Quality Control (MAQC) project, a biologically relevant toxicogenomics data set was generated using 36 RNA samples from rats treated with three chemicals (aristolochic acid, riddelliine and comfrey) and each sample was hybridized to four microarray platforms. The MAQC project assessed concordance in(More)
The rat has been used extensively as a model for evaluating chemical toxicities and for understanding drug mechanisms. However, its transcriptome across multiple organs, or developmental stages, has not yet been reported. Here we show, as part of the SEQC consortium efforts, a comprehensive rat transcriptomic BodyMap created by performing RNA-Seq on 320(More)
The incidence of childhood cancer is increasing. One of the most common cancers for children under 15 years of age, gliomas for example, has been reported to have increased in incidence over the last 20 years by approximately 40%. The rising trend of childhood cancer in brain may be associated with environmental exposure to genotoxins and susceptibility to(More)
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are common constituents of many plant species around the world. PA-containing plants are probably the most common poisonous plants affecting livestock and wildlife. They can inflict harm to humans through contaminated food sources, herbal medicines and dietary supplements. Half of the identified PAs are genotoxic and many of(More)
Malachite green, a triphenylmethane dye used in aquaculture as an antifungal agent, is rapidly reduced in vivo to leucomalachite green. Previous studies in which female B6C3F1 mice were fed malachite green produced relatively high levels of liver DNA adducts after 28 days, but no significant induction of liver tumors was detected in a 2-year feeding study.(More)
Aristolochic acid (AA) is a strong cytotoxic nephrotoxin and carcinogen associated with the development of urothelial cancer in humans. AA induces forestomach, kidney and urothelial tract tumours in rats and mice. This study was conducted to characterise AA's carcinogenic mechanism of action and compare allele-specific competitive blocker-polymerase chain(More)
Aristolochic acid (AA) is a potent nephrotoxin and carcinogen and is the causative factor for Chinese herb nephropathy. AA has been associated with the development of urothelial cancer in humans, and kidney and forestomach tumors in rodents. To investigate the molecular mechanisms responsible for the tumorigenicity of AA, we determined the DNA adduct(More)
Cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) is involved in the metabolism of many drugs. Extensive studies have demonstrated that genetic variants and endogenous and environmental factors play important roles in the expression of CYP2C19. However, the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in controlling CYP2C19 expression has not been investigated completely. In the present study,(More)
Riddelliine is a naturally occurring pyrrolizidine alkaloid that forms a number of different mononucleotide and dinucleotide adducts in DNA. It is a rodent carcinogen and a potential human hazard via food contamination. To examine the mutagenicity of riddelliine, groups of six female transgenic Big Blue rats were gavaged with 0.1, 0.3, and 1.0 mg(More)