Nan J Smith-Blair

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In the current health care environment it is imperative that orientation programs be effective and efficient in the preparation of nurses entering critical care nursing. Institutions strive to develop orientation programs that use the least amount of resources necessary to achieve the desired outcome. The desired outcome of the critical care orientation(More)
AIM Obesity is classified as a metabolic disorder that is associated with delayed muscle regeneration following damage. For optimal skeletal muscle regeneration, inflammation along with extracellular matrix remodelling and muscle growth must be tightly regulated. Moreover, the regenerative process is dependent on the activation of myogenic regulatory(More)
The importance of respiratory muscle fatigue, particularly of the diaphragm, has become well recognized in the last decade. If the diaphragm muscle fails, so does effective ventilation and tissue respiration. Balance between energy supply and demand determines diaphragmatic endurance. An imbalance between energy supply and demand leads to the development of(More)
There is increasing evidence that diaphragm fatigue is a major cause of failure in weaning patients from mechanical ventilation. Patients in intensive care units are often administered dopamine to improve renal blood flow without regard to its effect on diaphragm blood flow. The aim of this study was to investigate if intravenous low-dose dopamine,(More)
BACKGROUND Diaphragm fatigue (DF) has been implicated in respiratory failure in diseases that increase inspiratory resistance loading (IRL) and may complicate weaning of patients from mechanical ventilation. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of dobutamine administration (10 micro g/kg/min) on DF and to identify the mechanisms(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in diaphragm shortening and cardiopulmonary parameters at varying tidal volumes during volume control (VC), pressure control (PC), and pressure-regulated volume control (PRVC). A miniaturized ultrasonic sensor attached to the inferior surface of the upper costal surface of the right hemidiaphragm(More)
Many patients who are on mechanical ventilation are on ventilator modes called pressure support ventilation (PSV) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) particularly when they are being weaned. As the diaphragm is responsible for approximately 75% of breathing, it is important to promote diaphragm shortening to optimize weaning from mechanical(More)
Total Quality Management and Continuous Quality Improvement have become the "buzz" phrase for the 1990s. Everyone seems to be jumping on the band wagon. But what is it, and is it right for your organization? We believe that Total Quality Management is superior to many Quality Assurance programs currently in use. There are, however, many considerations to(More)